History and Development of Corrections 1700-Present

Events

Early Punishments

1700

Reform

1726

Gaols (England) Early Jails

1770

Philadelphia Prison Society

1787

Inspections House (Panopticon)

1790

Parole

1800 - Present

Elizabeth Gurney Fry

1813

Eastern State Penitentiary

1822

Auburn and Sing Sing Penitentiary (Mass Prisons)

1825

The Indiana State Reformatory

1873

Reformatory (Elmira System)

1876

Probation (John Agustus)

1878 - Present

The Industrial Prison

1890

Juvenile Court

1899

Ashburn Summers Act

1935

The Treatment Area

1945

The Community Based Era ("Deinstitutionalization"

1967

The Warehousing Model

1980

The "Just Deserts Era"

1995 - Present