History of Migration - Australia

Events

Convicts

1788 - 1868

During this time, Britain brought over 160,000 convicts to Australia.

Discovery

1788

Captain Cook discovered Australia, and from there more convicts were being brought over.

The Gold Rush

1850

The beginning of the Gold Rush meant many people made their way over to Australia to look for gold.

Beginning of the White Australia Policy

1901

The White Australia Policy meant that anyone of non-European descent couldn’t enter Australia. For 57 years, migrants had to pass a dictation test in any European language in order to enter Australia.

Post-WWII

1945

Post-war years meant that people from war-torn countries fled to Australia for a new and better life.

End of the White Ausralia Policy

1973

The end of the White Australia Policy under Gough Whitlam’s prime-ministership allowed more immigrants to come into Australia, especially boat people from Asian countries.

Non-White Immigration to Australia

1990 - Present

increasing numbers of Middle Eastern and Sri Lankan asylum seekers have arrived in Australia by boat.