Cold War Timeline

Events

Yalta Conference

February 4, 1945

Victory in Europe Day

May 8, 1945

Potsdam Conference

July 17, 1945

Japanese Surrender

September 2, 1945

Iron Curtain Speech

March 5, 1946

Truman Doctrine*

March 12, 1947

Berlin Blockade/Airlift*

June 24, 1948 - May 12, 1949

Comecon created

January 5, 1949

NATO established*

April 4, 1949

China becomes Communist

October 1, 1949

Korean War*

June 25, 1950 - July 27, 1953

Marshal Plan*

June 30, 1952

KGB established

March 13, 1954

Domino Theory*

April 7, 1954

Vietnam is divided

September 2, 1954

Warsaw Pact established*

May 14, 1955

Vietnam War*

November 1, 1955 - April 30, 1975

Suez Crisis

October 26, 1956

Sputnik*

October 4, 1957

Fidel Castro takes over Cuba

January 1, 1959

U2 spy plane shot down

May 1, 1960

First man in space (Yuri Gagarin)*

April 12, 1961

Bay of pigs*

April 17, 1961

First American in space (Alan Shepard)

May 5, 1961

Berlin Wall built*

August 13, 1961

Cubin Missile Crisis*

Oct 16, 1962

Gulf of Tonkin incident

August 2, 1964 - August 12, 1964

Six-Day War

June 5, 1967

Tet offensive

Jan 30, 1968

Apollo 11 lands on moon*

July 20, 1969

Yom Kippur War

October 6, 1973

Nicaraguan Revolution

July 19, 1979

Iranian hostage crisis

November 4, 1979

Glasnost*

1985

Perestroika*

1985

Iran-Contra Affair

August 20, 1985

Poland becomes independent

1989

Hungary becomes independent

1989

Communist governments in Czechoslovakia, Romania, Bulgaria fall

1989

Tiananmen square

June 4, 1989

Berlin Wall falls*

November 9, 1989

Mikhail Gorbachev takes office

1990

Germany reunites as one nation

October 3, 1990

Warsaw Pact ends

March 31, 1991

Boris Yeltsin elected president of Russia

June 12, 1991

USSR dissolved

December 26, 1991