Eli Whitney invented the Cotton Gin to be cheap to own and efficient so slaves wouldn't be needed, but slave owners used the slaves to harvest more cotton.
The 3/5 compromise was not enforced and slavery grew.
Wolrd-wide demand for cotton and tobacco goes up, requiring more slaves.
Slave owners found new ways to buy slaves without buying from Africa
Missouri Compromise of 1820
In 1819, there were 11 free states and 11 slave states
As America expanded west, some territories had enough people to become states
Mossouri wants to join as a slave state
Congress says that Missouri can join as a slave state, as long as Maine could enter free. This meant the Senate and HOR would stay relatively balanced.
36' 30" (Missouri southern border) and up were to be free, other than Missouri, and anything below Missouri's southern border could have slaves.
Nat Turner's Rebellion of 1831
1820's; A Virginia slave named Nat Turner could predict the future. He had many religious dreams about being free, but he had to kill for it. His fellow slaves thought he was a prophet
The llslaves saw strange atmospheric condition and thought it was a sign to rebell. They killed 50 white farmers and their families near the border of North Carolina
After they were executed, this grew fear among Southernors and over 200 black slaves were killed for no reason
Compromise of 1850
1849: 15 slave states, 15 free states, balanced since 1820.
California wants to enter as a free state, but some of California was under the 36' 30" line. Slave states wanted it to be a slave state and the free states wanted it to be free.
Fighting in Congress erupts and to avoid the 15 southern states from leaving America and forming their own nation, the North will get California as a free state, DC (largest slave market in US) must close forever, and Texas must give up all rights to land to it's west called "the New Mexico Territory". The South will get all of their runaway slaves returned to their plantations in the South, DC is officially allowed to keep and use slaves (even though it can't sell any slaves), the new territories called "Utah" and "New Mexico" do not have to abide by the Missouri Compromise so they can vote for themselves whether they want slaves or not, and Texas will get $10,000,000 in exchange for New Mexico's rights.
"Uncle Tom's Cabin"
Written by Harriet Beecher Stowe
First book most northerners found out about the horrors of the South in
The book reached as far as Europe and let many nations express their views of the abolitionist movement
Stowe was happy because of the raising of awareness, but sad because many countries disagreed with the slavery, but still bought tobacco and cotton from the South
Kansas Nebraska Act of 1854
Got rid of MO Comp. This allowed settlers in the territories of Kansas and Nebraska to decide whether they would allow slavery within their borders.
After K-N Act, MO ruffians rigged KS elections and the states went to war
Northern Abolitionist John Brown raises a private army and helps Kansas defeat troops from Missouri. Brown is violent, vicious and brutal to all in his way but because he fought to end slavery many of his war crimes were overlooked.
Now a national celebrity, Brown begins to think of other ways to use war (like bleeding Kansas) to end slavery in the South.
The Dred Scott Decision of 1857
Dred Scott is a slave that was given as a gift to a soldier who lived in Illinois. He got freedom, but only verbally. When the soldier dies, his kids sue to own Dred as inheritence
His lawyers say that was freed on Northern soil, so he must be free, but SCOTUS said he was a slave, therefore he is a slave
Northern abolitionists were done. They started getting physical
The Lincoln Douglass Debate of 1858
Abe Lincoln and Stephen A. Douglas ran against each other for Ilinois State Senator in 1858
In 7 states, the hot topics were slavery and popular sovereignty (for slavery). Abe won the nomination for his party (R) and gave his "House Divided" speech
Douglass won, but Lincoln gained attention for his thoughtful, impassioned arguments
John Brown's Raid on Harper's Ferry
John Brown is still attempting to end slavery with violence. Since Bleeding Kansas, his army had scattered and the US is looking for him as a war criminal
Brown and his sons attempt to attack the US Army weapons depot at Harper’s Ferry WV. They give the guns to the slaves in the south to join their army and kill the slave owners or to be killed themselves
Robert E. Lee captures him and kills him as a warning to all other abolitionists that intend to harm a US base
The Election of 1860
The South says if Abe is elected, they will leave. The Congressmen in question argue that Lincoln will not honor the principal of state’s rights and therefore in violation of the Constitution.
The South says that the country was founded on the Articles of Confederation, so they could leave and be independent of other states. So, they say if they leave, they will be called the "Confederate States of America"
They stayed true to their word
The Attack on Fort Sumter
Most northerners do not believe in the CSA. Northerners believe the CSA will come crawling back like a spoiled child
The CSA proves it's a foreign country that isn't coming back by attacking Fort Sumter (in Charleston Harbor) and winning
This shows that they are a differnet country that has a strong military