Civil Rights Movement

Events

Segregation policies in school Districts

1951

Linda Brown, an 8-year-old from Topeka, Kansas, had to travel by bus to a distant school for African- American children, even when living within walking distance from an all white elementary school. Her father sued the the state board.

Montgomery Bus Boycott

1956

The Montgomery Bus Boycott finally ends in December, and results in Montgomery buses being fully integrated.

Cooper v. Aaron

1958

Cooper v. Aaron, is ruled on by the Supreme Court where the court states that the threat of mob violence is not a good enough reason to delay desegregation of the schoo

Boynton v. Virginia

1959

In a 7-2 decision handed down on December 5 by the Supreme Court in the case Boynton v. Virginia case, the court rules that segregation on vehicles that travel between states is unlawful and unconstitutional because it is in violation of the Interstate Commerce Act.

MLKJr. Awarded Nobel Peace Prize

1964

Martin Luther King, Jr. is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize on December 10 by the Nobel Foundation.

Assassination of Malcolm X

1965

Malcolm X is assassinated on February 21 at the Audubon Ballroom in Harlem.

March Against Fear

1966

James Meredith beings his journey on the "March Against Fear" on June 6, from Memphis, Tennessee, to encourage African American Mississippians to register to vote. Near Hernando, Mississippi, he is shot. Others, including King, take up the march.

Comparing Vietnam to Racial Violence

1966

On January 6, the SNCC announces their opposition to the Vietnam War. Many members feel increasingly sympathetic towards the Vietnamese, and compare the indiscriminate bombing of Vietnam to the racial violence seen in the U.S

First African American Supreme Justice

1967

Thurgood Marshall becomes the first African American Justice appointed to the Supreme Court on September 1.

First African American Mayor Elected For Office

1967

Cal Stokes becomes the first African-American to be elected as the mayor of a major American city on November 7.

Civil Rights Act of 1968

1968

President Johnson signs the Civil Rights Act of 1968 on April 11th. This act prohibits discrimination by renters or sellers of property

Assassination of Martin Luther King Jr.

1968

Martin Luther King Jr. is assassinated on April 4th as he goes outside onto his balcony at the Lorraine motel in Memphis