During the German Kristallnacht (Night of Broken Glass), 7500 Jewish businesses are looted, 191 synagogues are set afire, nearly 100 Jews are killed, and tens of thousands are sent to concentration camps.
World War II Starts
September 1, 1939
World War ii Begins.
Germany Invades Poland.
September 1, 1939
German troops invade Poland on the ground while Hitler's air force bombs Polish cities from the sky.
Britain and France Declare War.
September 3, 1939
Britain and France declare war on Germany honoring their commitment to Poland. President Franklin D. Roosevelt invokes the Neutrality Act but notes, "Even a neutral cannot be asked to close his mind or his conscience.
canada declares war on germany.
September 10, 1939
Canada declares war on Germany.
Hitler Seizes Low Countries.
Apr 1, 1940
Adolf Hitler takes neutral Denmark, Norway, Belgium, Holland, and Luxembourg.
Roosevelt Aids Britain
Sep 3, 1940
President Franklin D. Roosevelt makes a deal to give Great Britain 50 destroyers in exchange for naval bases in Newfoundland, Bermuda, and sites in the Caribbean and the South Atlantic.
Germany Invades Soviet Union
Jun 22, 1941
Germany invades the Soviet Union violating the Nonaggression Pact. U.S. Secretary of War Henry L. Stimson estimates that it will take Hitler less than three months to conquer the Soviet Union.
Roosevelt Warns Japanese
Aug 17, 1941
President Franklin D. Roosevelt warns the Japanese government to cease all aggression toward neighboring countries or else face United States forces.
Japanese Decide to Attack
Nov 3, 1941
The Japanese government decides to attack Pearl Harbor if negotiations with the United States fail.
U.S. Learns Japanese Plan
Nov 29, 1941
U.S. Naval cryptographers learn from secret code that Japan plans aggressive action if an agreement with the United States is not met.
Dec 7, 1941
Japanese fighter planes attack the American base at Pearl Harbor destroying U.S. aircraft and naval vessels, and killing 2,355 U.S. servicemen and 68 civilians.
United States At War.
Dec 11, 1941
Germany and Italy, Japan's axis partners, declare war on the United States. The United States declares war on Germany, Italy, and Japan.
Sep 8, 1943
RANGEEND_ITALY The Italian government officially surrenders to the Allied powers; still, German forces occupy much of Italy.
June 6, 1944
The first of nearly 3 million Allied soldiers arrive in Normandy, on the northern shores of France.
Apr 12, 1945
President Franklin D. Roosevelt dies of a cerebral hemorrhage in Warm Springs, Georgia.
Harry Truman becomes President.
Hitler Commits Suicide.
May 1, 1945
Adolf Hitler commits suicide in Berlin.
May 7, 1945
The German army signs an unconditional surrender to allies.
V-E Day: Victory in Europe for the Allies
May 8, 1945
Now Allied forces focus on defeating Japan, with the U.S. in the forefront of
1st Atomic Bomb
Aug 6, 1945
The United States drops an atomic bomb—the first to be used in warfare—on Hiroshima, killing 75,000 people instantly, and injuring more than 100,000.
Soviet Union Enters Pacific.
Aug 8, 1945
With still no surrender from Japan, the Soviet Union enters the Pacific war as promised in Yalta, defeating Japanese forces in Manchuria.
2nd Atomic Bomb
Aug 9, 1945
2nd Atomic Bomb Dropped in Nagasaki, Japan.
World War II Ends
Sep 2, 1945
A formal surrender ceremony is conducted in Tokyo Bay on the U.S. battleship Missouri. World War II officially ends.