Ohio History

Indian History

Ohio Company of Virginia


Headed by Thomas Lee. Purposes = Fur trade and Land speculation.

Bouquet's Expedition

August, 1764 - November, 1764

Bouquet let 1,500 Soldiers into Ohio to establish headquarters in present day Coshocton.

10 Years of Relative Peace between Whites and Indians

November, 1764 - May, 1774

Bouquet's Expedition led to 10 years of relative peace between the Whites and Indians.

Gnadenhutten Establishment


The Moravian Indians established Gnadenhutten.

Murder of Chief Logan's Family

May, 1774

Daniel Greathouse led a group of Virginians in the murder of Indians, including some of Mingo Chief Logan's family.

Lord Dunmore's War

May, 1774 - October, 1774
  • Cresap led a group of surveyors in a killing of 2 Indians.

Battle of Point Plesant

October 10, 1774

Shawnee Chief, Chief Cornstalk, attacked Colonel Andrew Lewis.

Logan's Lament

November, 1774

Chief Logan wrote a Lament instead of attending the negotiations between the Whites and Indians.

Cornstalk's Warning

October, 1777

Cornstalk went to Point Pleasant to warn them that the Shawnee were preparing an attack.

Cornstalk's Death

November 10, 1777

Cornstalk was captured by soldiers that were angry that one of their own had been murdered by the Indians, even though he warned them. They then killed Cornstalk and his son.

Clark's taking of Kaskaskia

July 4, 1778

George Rogers Clark surprised the soldiers at Fort Pitt and took Kaskaskia.

British Defeat at Fort Vincennes

February 24, 1779

In a critical defense of Fort Vincennes, the British were surprised and Fort Vincennes fell to the colonists.

Moravian Massacre

March 8, 1782

British soldiers and Indians attacked Gnadenhutten and easily defeated the Moravians.

Moravian Revenge

June 4, 1782 - June 5, 1782

The Delaware and Wyandont tribes aided the Shawnee and defeated Colonel William Crawford's army. These captives were murdered to revenge of the Moravians.

Battle of Fallen Timbers

August 20, 1794

General "Mad" Anthony Wayne led a successful battle against the Indians, forcing them to retreat. TURNING POINT in pushing the Indians out of present day Ohio.

Treaty of Greenville

June, 1795 - July 31, 1795

1,100 Indians representing all Major Tribes in NW Territory met with Anthony Wayne at Greenville. After 2 months, 90 Indian leaders signed the treaty.
- Indians part of northwestern Ohio
- US got all of Southern and Eastern Ohio
- Prisoners Exchanged
- Indians received $20,000 in goods and promise of $9,500 per year in annuities.

Battle of Tippecanoe


Battle of Tippecanoe was a disaster for Tecumseh's Confederacy. William Henry Harrison baited Tenskatawa to attack him and he did. Tenskatawa told his army that they could not die. They were actually winning the war, but then saw some of their men dying, so they retreated. Most Indians then went home to their original tribes.

Ohio History

Ordinance of 1784


Entire West from Appalachian Mountains to Mississippi were divided into 5 districts.

Northwest Ordinance


Revision of Ordinance of 1784- focus was only on Northwest, reduced size of districts, no more than 5 states; no less than 3.

Establishment of Marietta

July 15, 1788

Rufus Putnam built the settlement of Marietta to honor Marie Antoinette.

The Centinel

November 9, 1793 - June 11, 1796

Published in Cincinnati (first newspaper published in Northwest Territory.

Treaty of Greenville


Ended Indian Wars in Ohio.

Division Act

December, 1801

Set Ohio's Boundary at Scioto River.

Enabling Act of 1802

April 30, 1802

Called for admittance of Ohio as state as soon as possible.

Constitutional Convention

November 1, 1802

Enabling act set November as the date for a constitutional convention- met at Chillicothe Courthouse.

Ohio's First Government

March 1, 1803

Ohio admitted at 17th state. Chillicothe marked as Capital.

Establishment of Ohio University

February 18, 1804

Ohio Company of Associates established Ohio University, the first university west of the Appalachian Mountains.

Columbus becomes State Capital


Constitution Reconstruction


Reconstruction of 1802 Constitution that was large and easily amendable.

United States History

Christopher Columbus Lands


Christopher Columbus lands in Bahamas.

Jamestown Established


Jamestown (first English Settlement) is established in Southeast Virginia

First Slaves Brought to Jamestown

July, 1619

Plymouth Established


The Plymouth Colony in Massachusetts is established by Pilgrims from England

French and Indian War

1754 - 1763

Final conflict in the ongoing struggle between the British and French for control of eastern North America.

First Continental Congress

September 5, 1774 - October 26, 1774

Met in Philadelphia, with 56 delegates representing every colony except Georgia.

American Revolution

April 19, 1775 - September 23, 1783

War of independence fought between Great Britain and the 13 British colonies on the eastern seaboard of North America.

Declaration of Independence

July 4, 1776

This is the date that the United States declared their independence from the British Empire.

Treaty of Paris Signed

September 3, 1783

Great Britain acknowledges American Independence and war ends.

George Washington becomes First President

February 4, 1789

George Washington is unanimously elected president of the United States in a vote by state electors.

Bill of Rights

December 15, 1791

First ten amendments to the Constitution, known as the Bill of Rights, are ratified

U.S. Capital moves to Washington DC

June 15, 1800

U.S. Capital moves from Philadelphia to DC.