Sputnik I launched by the USSR, this marks the beginning of the space race.
Sputnik II launched and carried the first animal into space.
Explorer I launched, first US satellite into orbit.
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration was formed.
First seven people to be named as astronaut candidates selected.
Luna II impacted the moon.
Discoverer XIV the first camera equipped satellite launched.
Yuri Gagarin orbits the earth and becomes the first man in space.
Alan Shepherd becomes the first US citizen in space.
Kennedy challenges the US to make it to the moon before the end of the decade.
L. Gordon Cooper the last American to be in space alone.
Ranger VII transmits the first close up images of the moon.
Cosmonaut Alexi Leonov performed the first spacewalk.
Gemini VI and VII are the first two spacecraft to rendezvous in space.
Luna IX the first craft to soft-land on the Moon.
Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin the first men to walk on the moon.
The Soviet Salyut I becomes he first functioning space station.
Apollo XVII, the final manned moon mission, returns from the moon.
The Columbia embarked on its first mission as the first space shuttle.
The space shuttle Challenger was destroyed 73 seconds into the flight, destroying the shuttle and killing the crew.