Domesday Survey - census and tax calculator
Extravagant and cruel
Gave England good laws but with ferocious punishments
Grandson William I
Norman barons wielded great power - extorting and looting
Foundation of English jury system. Taxes to pay for military.
3rd son Henry.
Taxes funded military adventures. Crusader - kidnap almost bankrupted England.
4th son Henry II
Cruel, selfish avaricious.
Punitive taxes united society - clerical and lay against him
Pious and weak. Patron of medieval architecture.
Captured by de Montfort and forced to set up 'Parlement'
Rebellion of barons
Statesman, lawyer and soldier
Formed Model Parliament in 1295 with knights.clergy and nobility / Lords and Commons.
Wanted to unite Britain. Defeated Welsh, not Scottish.
Weak and incompetent. Deposed (including by wife and her lover!) and murdered.
Attempts to conquer Scotland and France led to Hundred Years War.
Renowned warrior - with son The Black Prince.
But wars expensive.
Killed half population in England.
Extravagant, unjust and faithless.
Put down Peasant Revolt harshly.
Deposed by Henry of Lancaster.
Following Black Death shortage of people on land.
Peasants began to re-evaluate their worth and demand more pay and better conditions.
Law passed to limit wage rise.
Flat rate (one shilling) poll tax to support war with the French.
60,000 marched on London. Murdered the Archbishop of Canterbury and Treasurer.
Feudal system did not end but poll tax dropped
Accepted as King by Parliament
Spent reign trying to avoid plots against him
Pious, stern and skilful soldier.
Helped put down the rebellions against his father.
Renewed war with France - Agincourt
came to throne as a baby.
Inherited mental illness - Duke of York protector of realm.
Founded Eton and Kings, Cambridge
Between Duke of York and queen.
Poor morals, not popular.
Murdered (by uncle?)
Killed by Henry Richmond (father of Henry IV) at Battle of Bosworth field.
Skilful politician but greedy.
Greatly increased material wealth of England.