Review for AP Exam, WHS, 2017
-"Out of Africa" Theory
-Foragers to Egalitarian
-No private wealth
-Use of fire
-Merchants spread faith
-Rise of Empires=Good government/bureaucrats, Laws, Roads, Slavery, Military.
-Fall of Empires=Environmental decline, Outside invaders, internal revolts, disease.
-Lots of trade (due to silk road and Indian Basin.
-Jainism & Hinduism
-New religions (Buddhism, Doaism, Confusionism, Christianity)
-Philosophy out of Greece and Rome.
-Persia (Achaemeind, Alex the Great, Parthian, Sassnid)
-China (QIn, Han)
-Greece/Hellenistic Empires (Democracy, War, Alex the Great)
-Rome (Kingdom, Republic w/ Caesar, Empire w/ Augustus and Constantine )
-Meso-America (Teotihuacan in Mexico, Mayan calender, Moche in Peru)
-Polis were paying Athens to defended Greece from Persia, but no attacks came and Athens was getting to much money. War was between Sparta (winner) and Athens.
-Rock and Pillar
-Created bc Alexander the Great created political vacuum
-Ended bc they paid military and government officials way to much.
-Start of Great Wall
-Silk road stops for a while
-Yellow Turban Uprising help end Dynasty (over land distribution)
-Ended because of Hun Invaders
-ISLAMIC EMPIRES, MONGOLS, VIKINGS
-Crusades led to cross cultural interactions
-New/More luxury goods
-New Econ tools (Paper $, Credits/Loans)
-Migrations (Bantu & Polynesian)
-Diasporas (Muslim, Chinese, Jews)
-Explorers: Marco Polo, Ibn Battuta, Zheng He
-Islamic Empires (Abbasid, Umayyads, Delhi Sultanate, Al-Anadalus (Spain), Big on Trade)
-Mongols (4 Khanates- Golden Horde (Russia), Yuan (China), Chagatai (Central Asia), Ikhanate (M. East), Trade, Religious Tolerant, Largest empire ever)
-Byzantine: E. Rome, Justinian, Caesaropapism, E Orthodox.
-China: Sui (Grand Canal), Tang (Civil Service Exam), Song (paper $)
-Americas: Maya, Aztecs, Incas
-Feudalism: Europe (Lords, Serfs, Charlemane, Franks, Japan (Samurai)
Saudi Arabia, Mecca, Middle East
-Equal Field System
-Civil Service Exam
Ruler=Akbar who is religious tolerant
-Didn't have military leaders for army just educated elites who didn't know anything about war.
-Printing Paper Money
-Explores: Columbus, Henry the Nav, Vasco Da Gama
-New Tech: Astrolabe, Map, Wind Patterns
-Circulations of Goods (New world to Old, Silver)
-Joint Stock Co: VOC (Dutch), British E. Indian Co.
-Spread of Islam, Christianity, Buddhism
-Synthetic Faiths: Sikhism, Afro-Eurasian Christianity & Islam
-Innovation in arts: Renaissance, Wood Block Printing, Kabuki
-Global Demands for goods
-Labor Systems (Use of Inca Mita, Encomienda/Hacienda, Indentured Servitude, Chattel Slavery)
- New Elites (Manchus, Creoles)
-Existing Elites (Euro Nobles, Zamindars, Daimyo)
-Social Change (African Gender roles, smaller familys, Growth in Middle Class)
-Mixing races (Mestizo, Mulatto)
-Maintaining POWER (use of faith, Bureaucracy exams)
-Who has POWER (land=Manchus, Mughals, Ottomans, Russians. Sea=Portuguese, Spanish, Dutch, French, British)
-Competing for POWER (TRADE: Ottomans vs Europe. RIVALRIES: 30 years war, Ottomans vs Safavid. RESISTANCE: Peasant uprisings, Samurai revolts)
-Bubonic Plague started
-Spread to Holy Roman Empire
-Finished/Credited with Great Wall
-Spheres of Influence
Everywhere (mainly Europe and america)
-Industrial Revolution Starts (Great Britain)
-New Tech (steam engine)
-New demand for raw materials/markets (Europe took over world)
-Liberalism (Mill Stock Markets, Gold Standards)
-Communication/Transportation (Steamships, Trains, Canal, Telegraph)
-New ideas (Marxism)
-Resistance (Qing, Ottoman)
-Attempt at industrialization (Meiji, Russia)
-America and Manifest Destiny
-Expansion in Russia, Meiji Japan
-Loss of Native Culture
-Colonies: South Africa, America, Australia
-Enlightenment (Voltaire, Rousseau, Locke, Montesq)
-Dec of Ind, DOROMAC, Jamacia Letter
-Revolutions (American, French, Haiti, Latin America)
-Slave Rebellions, Anti-Imperialism (Sepoy & Boxer rebellion) Religion (Ghost Dance)
-Liberalism, Socialism, Communism, Feminism
-Migrating due to pop. growth, need of job, or forced, led to women taking on mens jobs and anti-immigrant policies.
Europe vs U.S.
-New Transportation, Communication, Scientific theories, Environmental Issues.
-Demographic Shift (Flu, AIDS, Diabetes, etc)
-Energy Innovation (Oil, Nuclear Power)
-Military Tactics (trenches)
-Green Revolution (GMO)
-Collapse of empires (1910's Ottoman, Russia, Ming)
Decolonization (Negotiated: India, Ghana, War: Algeria, Vietnam, Angola)
-Nationalist leaders: Gandhi, Ho Chi Min, Nkrumah
-Regional Ethnic Movement: Jinnah w/ Pakistan
Transnational Movements: Communism, Pan-Africanism, Pan-Arabism
-World Wars: MAIN
-Communism: 5 year Plan, Greats leap Forward, Cultural Rev.
-Capitalism: New Deal, Free Market Policies
-League of Nations & UN
-IMF, World Bank, WTO
-Humanitarian: Red Cross, World Health Org
-Regional Trade: EU, NAFTA, SEATO
- Environmental Movements: Greenpeace, Earth day
-Human Rights Movement
-Pop culture diffusion
U.S. and Russia