APWH Timeline

Review for AP Exam, WHS, 2017

Foundations Period (8000-600 BCE)

-"Out of Africa" Theory
-Foragers to Egalitarian
-Small kinship's
-No private wealth
-Use of fire
-Bigger brains
-Permanent settlements
-Agriculture Revolution

Cities

4000 BCE - 3500 BCE

Everywhere

Old Kingdom

2686 BC - 2160 BC

-Egypt
-Pyramids

Akkadian Empire

2340 BCE - 2180 BCE

Mesopotamia

Xia Dynasty

2200 BCE - 1766 BCE

China

Judaism

1800 BCE

Middle East

New Kingdom

1550 BC - 1070 BC

-Egypt
-Most imperialistic

Aryans In India

1500 b.c

India

Vedic Age

1500 BCE - 500 BCE

India

Warring States

403 BC - 221 BC

China

Classical Era (600 BCE-600 CE)

-Small Pox
-Merchants spread faith
-Rise of Empires=Good government/bureaucrats, Laws, Roads, Slavery, Military.
-Fall of Empires=Environmental decline, Outside invaders, internal revolts, disease.
-Lots of trade (due to silk road and Indian Basin.
-Jainism & Hinduism
-New religions (Buddhism, Doaism, Confusionism, Christianity)
-Philosophy out of Greece and Rome.
-Animism
-Ancestor Veneration
-Persia (Achaemeind, Alex the Great, Parthian, Sassnid)
-China (QIn, Han)
-India (Mauryan)
-Greece/Hellenistic Empires (Democracy, War, Alex the Great)
-Rome (Kingdom, Republic w/ Caesar, Empire w/ Augustus and Constantine )
-Meso-America (Teotihuacan in Mexico, Mayan calender, Moche in Peru)

Peloponnesian War

431 BCE - 404 BCE

Greece
-Polis were paying Athens to defended Greece from Persia, but no attacks came and Athens was getting to much money. War was between Sparta (winner) and Athens.

Mauryan Empire

321 BCE - 185 BCE

India
-Ashoka
-Buddhism
-Rock and Pillar
-Created bc Alexander the Great created political vacuum
-Ended bc they paid military and government officials way to much.

Qin Dynasty

221 BCE - 207 BCE

China
-Legalism
-Centralized
-Start of Great Wall

Former Han Dynasty

206 B.C.E - 9 C.E

China
-Silk Road
-Chang'an

Pax Romana

27 BCE - 180 CE

Rome

Life of Jesus

4 B.C.E - 30 C.E

Middle East

Later Han Dynasty

25 CE - 220 CE

China
-Silk road stops for a while
-Yellow Turban Uprising help end Dynasty (over land distribution)

Sasanid Empire

224 CE - 651 CE

Middle East/Persia

Edict Of Milan

313 CE

Rome

Gupta Dynasty

320 CE - 550 CE

India
-Ended because of Hun Invaders

Post-Classical Era (600-1450 CE)

-ISLAMIC EMPIRES, MONGOLS, VIKINGS
-New Cities
-Crusades led to cross cultural interactions
-New/More luxury goods
-New tech
-New Navigation
-New Econ tools (Paper $, Credits/Loans)
-Migrations (Bantu & Polynesian)
-Diasporas (Muslim, Chinese, Jews)
-Explorers: Marco Polo, Ibn Battuta, Zheng He
-Islamic Empires (Abbasid, Umayyads, Delhi Sultanate, Al-Anadalus (Spain), Big on Trade)
-Mongols (4 Khanates- Golden Horde (Russia), Yuan (China), Chagatai (Central Asia), Ikhanate (M. East), Trade, Religious Tolerant, Largest empire ever)
-Byzantine: E. Rome, Justinian, Caesaropapism, E Orthodox.
-China: Sui (Grand Canal), Tang (Civil Service Exam), Song (paper $)
-Americas: Maya, Aztecs, Incas
-Feudalism: Europe (Lords, Serfs, Charlemane, Franks, Japan (Samurai)

Life of Muhammad

570 - 632

Saudi Arabia, Mecca, Middle East

Sui Dyansty

589 ce - 681 ce

China
-Grand Canal

Tang Dynasty

618 CE - 907 CE

China
-Confusionism Government
-Equal Field System
-Civil Service Exam

Umayyad Dynasty

661 CE - 750 CE

India

Battle of Tours

732 CE

Europe/France

Abbasid Dynasty

750 CE - 1258 CE

India
Ruler=Akbar who is religious tolerant

Song Dynasty

960 CE - 1279 CE

China
-Didn't have military leaders for army just educated elites who didn't know anything about war.
-Printing Paper Money

Kingdom of Ghana

1000 - 1200

Africa

Mali Empire

1230 - 1600

Africa

Hundred Years' War (tech advancement)

1337 - 1453

Europe

Early Modern Era (1450-1750 CE)

-Explores: Columbus, Henry the Nav, Vasco Da Gama
-New Tech: Astrolabe, Map, Wind Patterns
-Circulations of Goods (New world to Old, Silver)
-Joint Stock Co: VOC (Dutch), British E. Indian Co.
-Spread of Islam, Christianity, Buddhism
-Synthetic Faiths: Sikhism, Afro-Eurasian Christianity & Islam
-Innovation in arts: Renaissance, Wood Block Printing, Kabuki
-Global Demands for goods
-Labor Systems (Use of Inca Mita, Encomienda/Hacienda, Indentured Servitude, Chattel Slavery)
- New Elites (Manchus, Creoles)
-Existing Elites (Euro Nobles, Zamindars, Daimyo)
-Social Change (African Gender roles, smaller familys, Growth in Middle Class)
-Mixing races (Mestizo, Mulatto)
-Maintaining POWER (use of faith, Bureaucracy exams)
-Who has POWER (land=Manchus, Mughals, Ottomans, Russians. Sea=Portuguese, Spanish, Dutch, French, British)
-Competing for POWER (TRADE: Ottomans vs Europe. RIVALRIES: 30 years war, Ottomans vs Safavid. RESISTANCE: Peasant uprisings, Samurai revolts)

Yuan Dynasty

1300 CE - 1368 CE

China
-Bubonic Plague started
-Spread to Holy Roman Empire

Bubonic Plague

1347 - 1348

Ming Dynasty

1368 - 1644

China
-Finished/Credited with Great Wall
-isolation
-Zheng He

Renaissance

1400 - 1600

Europe

Aztec Empire

1427 - 1519

Latin America

Safavid Empire

1501 - 1722

Middle East

Protestant Reformation

1517 CE - 1648 CE

Europe

Mughal Dynasty

1526 - 1858

India

Scientific Revolution

1600 - 1750

Europe

Qing

1644 CE - 1911 CE

China
-Spheres of Influence
-Manuria

Enlightenment

1650 - 1800

Everywhere (mainly Europe and america)

Seven Years War (world war)

1756 CE - 1763 CE

Everywhere

Revolutions & Empires (1750-9000 CE)

-Industrial Revolution Starts (Great Britain)
-New Tech (steam engine)
-New demand for raw materials/markets (Europe took over world)
-Capitalism (Smith)
-Liberalism (Mill Stock Markets, Gold Standards)
-Communication/Transportation (Steamships, Trains, Canal, Telegraph)
-Workers Unions
-New ideas (Marxism)
-Resistance (Qing, Ottoman)
-Attempt at industrialization (Meiji, Russia)
-America and Manifest Destiny
-Expansion in Russia, Meiji Japan
-Loss of Native Culture
-Colonies: South Africa, America, Australia
-Enlightenment (Voltaire, Rousseau, Locke, Montesq)
-Dec of Ind, DOROMAC, Jamacia Letter
-Revolutions (American, French, Haiti, Latin America)
-Slave Rebellions, Anti-Imperialism (Sepoy & Boxer rebellion) Religion (Ghost Dance)
-Liberalism, Socialism, Communism, Feminism
-Migrating due to pop. growth, need of job, or forced, led to women taking on mens jobs and anti-immigrant policies.

Tokugawa Shogunate

1600 - 1868

Japan

Industrial Revolution

1760 - 1840

Everywhere

American Revolution

1775 - 1783

America

French Revolution

1789 - 1799

Europe

Haitian Revolution

1791 - 1804

Latinish America

Opium War

1839 - 1842

China

Mexican American War

1846 - 1848

Latinish America

Taiping Rebellion

1850 - 1864

China

Spanish American War

1898 - 1899

Europe vs U.S.

Modern Era (1900 CE-Present)

-New Transportation, Communication, Scientific theories, Environmental Issues.
-Demographic Shift (Flu, AIDS, Diabetes, etc)
-Medical Innovation
-Energy Innovation (Oil, Nuclear Power)
-Military Tech
-Military Tactics (trenches)
-Green Revolution (GMO)
-Collapse of empires (1910's Ottoman, Russia, Ming)
Decolonization (Negotiated: India, Ghana, War: Algeria, Vietnam, Angola)
-Nationalist leaders: Gandhi, Ho Chi Min, Nkrumah
-Regional Ethnic Movement: Jinnah w/ Pakistan
Transnational Movements: Communism, Pan-Africanism, Pan-Arabism
-Land Redistribution
-Migration/New States
-Genocide
-World Wars: MAIN
-Cold War
-Communism: 5 year Plan, Greats leap Forward, Cultural Rev.
-Capitalism: New Deal, Free Market Policies
-League of Nations & UN
-IMF, World Bank, WTO
-Humanitarian: Red Cross, World Health Org
-Regional Trade: EU, NAFTA, SEATO
-Multinational Corporations
- Environmental Movements: Greenpeace, Earth day
-Human Rights Movement
-Pop culture diffusion

Russian Revolution

1905 - 1917

Russia

Mexican Revolution

1910 - 1920

Latin America

World War I

1914 - 1918

Everywhere

Great Depression

1929 - 1939

Everywhere

World War II

1939 - 1945

Everywhere

Chinese Civil War

1946 - 1950

China

Cold War

1947 - 1991

U.S. and Russia

Korean War

1950 - 1953

Six Day War

June 5, 1967 - June 10, 1967

Middle east

Iranian Revolution

January 1978 - February 1979

Middle East