AP Euro

Art/literature

Albrecht Durer

1471 - 1528

Michelangelo

1475 - 1564

Thomas More

1478 - 1535

Intellectual Thought

Christine de Pizan

1364 - 1390

beginning of Humanism

Approx. 1450

Leonardo da Vinci

1452 - 1519

Pico della Mirandola

1463 - 1494

Desiderus Erasmus

1466 - 1536

Nicolaus Copernicus

1473 - 1543

On the Revolutions of the Heavenly Sphere

Baldassare Castiglione

1478 - 1529

The Courtier

Bartolome de las Casas

1542

Francis Bacon

1561 - 1626

Inductive reasoning

Galileo Galilei

1564 - 1642

Johannes Kepler

1571 - 1630

Thomas Hobbes

1588 - 1679

Political philosopher that stated that people need government in order to act civil

Rene Descartes

1596 - 1650

Deductive reasoning

John Locke

1632 - 1704

Political philosopher that stated that people have the right to revolt in time of a tyrannic government

Issac Newton

1642 - 1727

Principia Matematica

Montesquieu

1689 - 1755

Voltaire

1694 - 1778

Jean-Jacques Rousseau

1712 - 1778

Adam Smith

1723 - 1790

An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations

Edmund Burke

1729 - 1797

Reflections on the Revolution in France

Cesare Beccaria

1738 - 1794

Mary Wollstonecraft

1749 - 1797

The Declaration of the Rights of Man

1789

Introduced by the National Assembly, it decreed that all men are free/equal, that everyone had the natural rights to liberty, property, security and resistance to oppression. It also allowed freeom of religion, speech, press, petion of government, and freedom from arbitrary arrest.

Olympe de Gouges

1791

Publication of Declaration of the Rights of Women

John Stuart Mill

1806 - 1873

On Liberty and The Subjugation of Women

Charles Darwin

1809 - 1882

On the Origin of Species

Karl Marx

1818 - 1883

The Communist Manifesto

Henrik Ibsen

1828 - 1906

A Doll's House

Friedrich Nietzche

1844 - 1900

Sigmund Freud

1856 - 1939

Albert Einstein

1879 - 1955

Jean-Paul Sartre

1905 - 1980

Being and Nothingness

Simone de Beauvoir

1908 - 1986

The Second Sex

Albert Camus

1913 - 1960

The Stranger

IR

Prince Henry the Navigator

1394 - 1460

Bartholomew Dias

1450 - 1500

Francisco Pizarro

1475 - 1541

Hernando Cortez

1485 - 1547

The Columbian Exchange

1492

voyage of Christopher Columbus

1492

Treaty of Tordesillas

1494

voyage of Vasco de Gama

1497 - 1499

voyage of Ferdinand Magellan

1519

Spanish Armada

1588

Defenestration of Prague

1618

Peace of Westphalia

1648

War of Spanish Succession

1701 - 1714

Peace of Utrecht

1713

War of Austrian Succession

1740 - 1748

Seven Years' War

1756 - 1763

A war between France and England that added debt in both countries, making the government unpopular and causing revolutions in Europe and America

Treaty of Paris

1763

End of the 7 Years' War

The Grand Empire

Approx. 1799

The German Confederation of the Rhine

1806

Congress of Vienna

1815

Berlin Conference

1884 - 1885

Treaty of Brest-Litovsk

1918

Treaty of Versailles

1919

Lorcarno Pact

1925

Kellog Briand Pact

1928

Munich Conference

1938

Nazi-Soviet Nonaggression Pact

1939

North Atlantic Pact

1949

Treaty of Rome

1957

Helsinki Accords

1975

Maastricht Treaty

1991

Politics

Italian City-States and Communes

Approx. 1300 - Approx. 1861

The Medici Family

1434 - 1737

powerful banking family tat ruled florence

Nicolo Machiavelli

1469 - 1527

Girolamo Savonarola

1494 - 1498

new monarchs

1500

Charles VIII of Spain, Henry VII/VIII of England, Ferdinand/Isabella of Spain

Charles V

1500 - 1558

reign of Henry VIII

1509 - 1547

The German Pesants' War

1525

Ivan the Terrible

1533 - 1584

Peace of Augsburg

1555

Philip II

1556 - 1598

reign of Philip II

1556 - 1598

reign of Elizabeth I

1558 - 1603

St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre

1572

Cardinal Richelieu

1585 - 1642

Henry IV

1589 - 1610

Edict of Nantes

1598

Cardinal Mazarin

1602 - 1661

regin of Gustavus Adolphus

1611 - 1632

reign of Ferdinand II

1617 - 1637

Frederick William I

1620 - 1688

Charles I

1625 - 1649

The Long Parliament

1640 - 1660

The English Civil War

1642 - 1649

Louis XIV

1643 - 1715

Austrian Habsburgs

Approx. 1648

The Fronde

1648 - 1653

Oliver Cromwell

1653 - 1658

The Restoration

1660

Robert Walpole

1676 - 1745

The first Prime Minister of England, he governed England when the weak Hanoverian monarchs excercised little real power.

Versailles

1682

Peter the Great

1682 - 1725

James II

1685 - 1688

The Glorious Revolution

1688 - 1689

William and Mary

1688 - 1702

Junkers

Approx. 1700

end of Boyar dominance in Russia

Approx. 1700

Cossacks

Approx. 1700 - Approx. 1900

Enlighteed Despotism

1700 - 1800

leaders used elightened ideas and principles to enhance their power

Pragmatic Sanction

1713

Maria Theresa

1717 - 1780

Catherine the Great

1729 - 1796

Frederick the Great

1740 - 1786

king of prussia. longest reign of any Hohenzollern king. He lead prussia to become a leading military power

Abbe Sieyes

1748 - 1836

Wrote "What is the 3rd Estate?" Helped establish the 3rd Estate as the National Assembly. Eventually supported Napoleon's rise power.

Marquis de Lafayette

9/6/1757 - 5/20/1834

Robespierre

1758 - 1794

Pugachev's Rebellion

1773

Joseph II

1780 - 1790

Estates General

1789

Assembly of the 3 Estates in France. Each Estate had one vote, prompting the 3rd Estate to form the National Assembly. Also weakened Louis XVI

The National Assembly

1789

French legislature formed by the 3rd Estate at the beginning of the Revolution.

Jacobin Club

1789 - 1794

Girondists

Approx. 10/1/1789 - Approx. 10/1/1793

The Committee on Public

1793 - 1794

The Directory

1794 - 1799

Thermidorian Reaction

7/27/1794

Napoleon Bonaparte

1799 - 1815

Louis XVII

1814 - 1824

Religion

Johann Tetzel

1465 - 1519

Ulrich Zwingli

1481 - 1531

Martin Luther

1483

Thomas Cranmer

1489 - 1556

Ignatius of Loyola

1491 - 1556

papacy of Pope Julius II

1503 - 1513

John Calvin

1504 - 1564

John Knox

1505 - 1572

Teresa of Avila

1515 - 1582

95 Theses

1517

Diet of Worms

1521

Council of Trent

1545 - 1563

Quakers

Approx. 1720 - Approx. 1780

Allowed women to preach

Society

The Black Death

1347 - 1350

invention of printing press (guttenberg)

1440

Isabella d'Este

1474 - 1539

encomienda system

1512

Witch Craze

Approx. 1580 - Approx. 1750

Time of Troubles

1598 - 1613

Salons

Approx. 1700 - Approx. 1800

The Great Fear

1789

The Reign of Terror

1793

Napoleonic Code

1804

Divorce legalized in Britain

1857

Divorce legalized in France

1884

Women's sufferage in Britain

1918

Women get sufferage in France, Italy

1945

Women = 75% of Soviet doctors

1950