Physics Timeline

Events

Nicolaus Copernicus was born in Poland

1473

Copernicus contributes the heliocentric or Copernican model that is used today to model the universe

1514

Copernicus contributes De Revolutionibus Orbium Coelestium or on the revolutions of heavenly spheres upon his death bed.

1543

Copernicus dies

1543

Tycho Brahe is born in Denmark

1546

Galileo Galilei was born in Italy

1564

Johannes Kepler is born in Germany

1571

Brahe contributes De Nova Stella

1573

Galileo published works which supported Coperican system and creates Law of Falling Objects

Approx. 1589

Brahe creates Astronomiae Instrauratae Mechanica

1598

Brahe dies

1601

Galileo discovers the pendulum clock

1602

Kepler creates the Law of Orbit which says all planets move in elliptical orbit, with the sun at one focus.

1609

Kepler creates the Law of Area which says a line that connects a planet to the sun sweeps out equal areas in equal times.

1609

Kepler makes Law of Periods: the square of the period of any planet is equal to the cube of the semimajor axis of its orbit

Approx. 1609

Galileo discovered the 4 moons of Jupiter (Io, Ganymede, Europa, and Callisto)

1610

Kepler dies

1630

Robert Hooke is born in England

1635

Galileo helps create scientific methodology

1642

Galileo dies

1642

Sir Isaac Newton is born in England

1643

Hooke writes "Micrographia"

1665

Hooke creates the Law of Elasticity

1678

Newton's Laws of Motion were discovered

1686

Newton contributes the Philosopiae Natruralis Principia

1687

Robert Hooke dies

1703

Newton writes "Opticks"

1704

Sir Isaac Newtons dies

1727