WWI and the Russian Revolution


Triple Entente


This was formed after the Franco Prussian war.

Germany Officially Unified

January 18, 1871

Germany officially unified itself. Princes from the different provinces came together and appointed an Emperor to the German empire.

Triple Alliance


Military alliance among Germany, Austria–Hungary, and Italy.

Schlieffen Plan


The plan was put into action in 1914, but the planning for the plan occurred earlier than that, so the above date is a generalization.

Archduke Franz Ferdinand Assassinated

June 28, 1914

Archduke Franz Ferdinand was the heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne. He was assassinated by an assassin.

Austria Declares War on Serbia

July 28, 1914

A month after Archduke Franz was assassinated, Austria- Hungary declared war on Serbia, beginning the first World War.

Ottoman German Alliance Formed

August 2, 1914

The Ottoman Empire joined the Central Powers to form the Triple Alliance.

War Declared on Germany

August 23, 1914

Japan declared war on Germany in 1914, after Germany refused to remove the war ships and troops that Japan demanded be removed.

Battle of Marne

September 7, 1914

It was a defence against the advancing Germans who had already invaded Belgium. The deffence was put up by France and Britain.

Battle of Gallipoli

April 25, 1915

This Battle was on the Gallipoli peninsula (modern day turkey), which was in the current Ottoman Empire.

Lusitania Sinks

May 7, 1915

The ocean liner was torpedoed by a German U-boat, which caused the American people to be outraged.

Battle of Verdun

February 21, 1916

The battle took place on the Western Front between the German and French armies, on hills in north-eastern France

Battle of Jutlnd

May 31, 1916

The Battle of Jutland was a naval battle that was fought between the British Royal Fleet and Germanys Navy. The British Navy had a supreme force compaired to the German navy.

Battle of Somme

July 1, 1916

Fought during the first World War, it was the British and French empires against the German Empire.

Zimmerman Telegram


This was the year that that Zimmerman telegraph was exposed to the public, and many were outraged by its contents. Germany had planned to aly with Mexico to fight the USA.

Bolsheviks Politics


The Bolsheviks emerged as an official political party, and the helped establish the Communist reign later on.

Tsar Nicholas II Abdicates


He was forced to abdicate the throne by the Petrograd insurgents, and a new form of government was put up in his place.

Valdimir Lenin


This is the year that Valdimir Lenin took control of Russia after the last Tsar was forced to step down.

Unrestricted Submarine Warfare

January 1917

This is the time that submarine warfare from Germany became a big boom, causing many casulaties, anxiety, and stress.

Battle of Passchendaele

July 31, 1917

This battle took place between the Allies and Germany, on the Western front, and was for land in Belgium.

October Revolution

November 7, 1917

This was the second and final stage of the Russian Revolution. It lead to the set up of communism in Russia.

Fourteen Points

January 8, 1918

This was a plan produced by President Woodrow Wilson to help procure a world peace, and to help keep the peace.

Treaty of Brest-Litovsk

March 3, 1918

It was a peace treaty signed by Soviet Russia and Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, and Turkey.

Armistice Signed

November 11, 1918

The Armistice was signed between the Allies and Germany, ceasing fighting on the western front.

Kaiser Wilhelm II Abdicates

November 28, 1918

Ushered in by the last German Emperor, he did this act which abolished the German empire government, and he went into exile.

France Loses Alsace & Lorraine to Germany


This portion of land was in fact lost to Germany in the 1800's, then taken back, and again lost to Germany in 1919.

Treaty of Versailles

june 28, 1919

This was one of the peace treaties at the end of World War I, and was signed by the Allies and the German side as well.

Treaty of Saint-Germain

September 10, 1919

This treaty was signed by representatives of the Allies, who had won the war, and representatives of the German side of the war.

Stalin Takes Russia


Stalin didn't just rapidly take over Russia, his rise to power was more gradual, with him taking roles in the government and slowly upgrading his position.

Trotsky Flees Russia

January 11, 1928

Leon Trotsky was a Marxist revolutionary who joined the Bolsheviks just before the October Revolution.

Germany Stops Payments


The reperations were discontinued when Adolf Hitler gained control. He decreed that they cease.

Russia Germany Pact


This alliance between Russia and Germany violated the Treaty of Versailles, and Hitler later went on to further violate the Treaty of Versailles by demanding more weapons, etc.

US Declares War on Germany

December 11, 1941

After Japans attack of Pearl Harbor, Germany declared war on the US and the US retaliated by declaring war on them.