Japan: (8,000 B.C.E - 600 C.E)
- Dynastic rule through Yamato clan (first and last); Asuka period
- Prince Shotoku adopted Chinese bureaucracy, leading to the Taika Reform in 645 CE.
Economic: agriculture-based society
-Shinto religion (worship of kami)
- 522 CE, Buddhist missionaries spread through Japan. However, Buddhism was worshipped at the same time as Shinto.
Social: Bureaucratic and aristocratic system.
-Buddhism was transferred from China to Japan
-Prince Shotoku devoted to spreading Buddhism and Chinese culture
- Change of government set-up (Dynasty to bureaucracy with an emperor)
-Adaptation of Chinese culture and Prince Shotoku’s endorsement
-Introduction of Buddhism
- Shinto religion remained as main Japanese religion.
- Japan remained centralized
- Japan remained an agriculture-based society
Japan: (600 CE-1450)
- Power of aristocratic families rose starting with Fujiwara family after capital changed to Heian. Emperor became just a figurehead (Nara Period)
- Power shifted to shoguns when in 1192, Yorimoto Minamoto was given title of shogun.
- Shoguns ruled as the emperor remained as figurehead.
-Aristocratic families rose in the social hierarchy.
-Feudal system was set up.
-Shoguns gained political power, putting them on top.
-Classes: Shogun, daimyo, samurai, peasants and artisans
- Samurai followed Code of Bushido
-Women were not held highly
-Continuing influence from China.
-Friendly relations with Silla (Kingdom of Korea)
Arts: Poetry and literature thrived in Heian Period.
- Emperor became just a figurehead and Japan became run by shoguns
- Feudal system was established
- Social hierarchy was changed
- Friendly interaction with Korea began
- Arts and literature thrived.
- China continued to have influence on Japan.
- Women were still not equal to men.
- The Japanese state was still unified under the figurehead.