World War 1

Australian Perspective

Events

Schlieffen Plan

1905

Germany developed the Schlieffen Plan

Declaration of War

August 1914

Germany declared war on France and invaded neutral Belgium.

Western Front

September 1914

France and Britain halted German forces in northern France. The Western Front was established.

Blockade

October 1914

German fleet trapped in its ports by British blockade.

Seizing control of countries

December 1914

South Africa captured South-West Africa; Australia took German New Guinea; Japan seized Germany's Pacific Island colonies and territories in China.

Capture of Armenia

1915

Russia captured Armenia. Turkish soldiers rounded up Armenians for the long death march and massacre. Turkey's Middle Eastern colonies became a theatre of war.

ANZACS

25 April 1915

Allies landed at Gallipoli.

Aliances

May 1915

Italy joined the Allies.

Romania

1916

German and Austrian troops overran Romania.

Ireland

1916

Easter uprising in Ireland, attack on Dublin Post Office.

Collapse of Russia

1917

U-Boats

January 1917

U-boats began to attack ships of neutral countries.

Russian Revolution

November 1917