Age of Jackson 1828-1840

Events

2nd Great Awakening

1790 - 1840

The Second Great Awakening was a Protestant religious revival movement during the early 19th century in the United States. The movement began around 1790, gained momentum by 1800 and, after 1820, membership rose rapidly among Baptist and Methodist congregations whose preachers led the movement.

Universal Manhood Sufferage

1820

every man can vote (unless) black.

Tariff of Abominations

1828

A high Tariff for infrastructure.

End of the Virginia Dynasty

1828

Up untill 1828 every president had been from virginia .

Jackson is elected

1829 - 1837

The log cabin origin story that sold better then anything else

Kitchen Cabinet

1829 - 1831

an unofficial group of trusted friends and advisors, mocked in the rival press as the “Kitchen Cabinet.” Francis Preston Blair was a valued member.

Indian Removal Act

1830

The Indian Removal Act was signed into law by President Andrew Jackson on May 28, 1830, authorizing the president to grant unsettled lands west of the Mississippi in exchange for Indian lands within existing state borders. A few tribes went peacefully, but many resisted the relocation policy.

Webster Hayne Debate

January 1830

Peggy Eaton Affair

1830 - 1831

John H. Eaton, a good friend of Jackson, was rumored to be having an affair with the married Peggy O'Neale in 1820. Peggy O'Neale's husband died in 1828. Shortly afterward, Peggy O'Neale and John H. Eaton were wed. Jackson then named Eaton as his secretary of war. Calhoun's wife led the rest of the "cabinet wives" in protest, refusing to acknowledge Peggy as a cabinet wife. Jackson got quite mad and demanded that they accept Peggy as a cabinet wife. Calhoun refused due to pressure from his wife. Martin Van Buren had no wife to pressure him, and he welcomed Peggy to the cabinet, giving Jackson a favorable view of Van Buren. In 1831, Jackson chose Martin Van Buren as his successor.

Bank War

1832

Tariff and Nullification Crisis

1832 - 1837

The Nullification Crisis was a United States sectional political crisis in 1832–1837, during the presidency of Andrew Jackson, which involved a confrontation between South Carolina and the federal government. It ensued after South Carolina declared that the federal Tariffs of 1828 and 1832 were unconstitutional and therefore null and void within the sovereign boundaries of the state.

The US suffered an economic downturn throughout the 1820s, and South Carolina was particularly affected. Many South Carolina politicians blamed the change in fortunes on the national tariff policy that developed after the War of 1812 to promote American manufacturing over its European competition.[1] The controversial and highly protective Tariff of 1828 (known to its detractors as the "Tariff of Abominations") was enacted into law during the presidency of John Quincy Adams. The tariff was opposed in the South and parts of New England. By 1828, South Carolina state politics increasingly organized around the tariff issue. Its opponents expected that the election of Jackson as President would result in the tariff being significantly reduced.[2] When the Jackson administration failed to take any actions to address their concerns, the most radical faction in the state began to advocate that the state itself declare the tariff null and void within South Carolina. In Washington, an open split on the issue occurred between Jackson and Vice President John C. Calhoun, a native South Carolinian and the most effective proponent of the constitutional theory of state nullification.[3]

Log Cabin Campaign

1840

Personality and character ignore issues