The first scientifically discovered element, phosphorus is discovered by Hennig Brand.
Henry Cavendish discovers hydrogen whilst experimenting with iron filings and dilute acids
Joseph Priestley discovers Oxygen
Uranium is discovered by Martin Heinrich Klaproth.
Sir Humphrey Davy discovers Sodium through separating the sodium metal from Sodium Hydroxide.
John Dalton developed the atomic theory. The atomic theory stated that all elements must have small microscopic particles which develop the structure of the element. He also stated that a pure element will have identical atoms.
Swedish chemist Jons Jacob Berzelius discovers silicone.
Dmitri Mendeleev, a Russian chemist develops the periodic table, which was organised based on atomic mass.
Lord Kelvin develops the Atom Vortex Model which suggested that atoms are twisted in knots or vortices within each other.
Sir William Ramsay discovered a whole new group of elements that could be found on the periodic table; Noble Gasses.
Marie and Pierre Curie in conjunction with Antoine Henri Becquerel discover radioactivity after studying how uranium reacts with sunlight.
JJ Thomson discovers the electron whilst conducting an experiment with cathode rays and magnetic fields. He also developed the plum pudding model which determined the structure of the atom.
Frederick Soddy discovers the isotope through measuring the atomic mass of some radioactive elements.
Earnest Rutherford develops the Electron Nuclear Model which states that electron orbit around the nucleus. Niels Bohr then expands this theory in 1913 to suggest that electrons float around the nucleus in shells.
Dutch physicist and chemist Niels Bohr discovers the electron shell model whilst studying X-Rays
Austrian chemist and physicist Erwin Schrödinger discovered the electron cloud model.
The European Organization for Nuclear Research builds the Large Hadron Collider to conduct research into particle acceleration.