1050BC-AD500

authors, historical figures, events

Events

Homer

765 BC - 710 BC

Odyssey, Iliad; Man or Legend?

Hesiod

750 BC - 650 BC

Poet; Theogony, Works and Days

Archilocus

680 bc - 645 bc

earliest iambic poet.

Solon

638 BC - 558 BC

Athenian Statesman and poet, laid foundations for Athenian democracy with his (failed) reforms

Sappho

630 BC - 570 BC

super gay lesbian poet who wrote about love

Cleisthenes

562 BC - 492 BC

reformed gov't, "father of athenian democracy"; raised people's power, lowered power of the nobility

Hecataeus of Miletus

550 BC - 476 BC

early Greek historian/geographer, first to write about the Celts

Aeschylus

525 BC - 456 BC

Greek tragedian; the oresteia

Foundation of Athenian Democracy

Approx. 500 BC - Approx. 400 BC

direct democracy, adult male citizens only

Persian Wars

499 BC - 449 BC

Mainland Greece, Thrace, Aegean Islands, Asia Minor, Cyprus and Egypt; Greek victory. After: Persians set Athens against Sparta, led to Peloppenesian War

Sophocles

496 BC - 406 BC

Greek tragedian; ajax, antigone, oedipus series, women of trachis, electra

Herodotus

484 BC - 425 BC

father of history, bitch

Euripides

480 BC - 406 BC

Greek tragedian: women of troy, bacchae, medea, orestes, hecuba

Thucydides

460 BC - 400 BC

historian/general; "History of the Peloponnesian War"

Aristophanes

446 BC - 386 BC

father of comedy; the birds lysistrata the frogs the wasps

Peloponnesian War

431 BC - 404 BC

Athens and its empire against Sparta. Ended w/ Ionian War, w/Sparta having help from Persians. Totally restructured Greece; Athens died, Sparta rose.

Plato

427 BC - 347 BC

Philosopher. Taught by Socrates, teaches Aristotle. Platonism. Apology, Phaedo, Republic, Symposium

Aristotle

384 BC - 322 BC

Plato's student; tutored Alexander the Great; earliest known study of logic

Demosthenes

384 BC - 322 BC

statesman/orator; tried to take down Alexander, had to kill himself so the assassins wouldn't

Plautus

254 BC - 184 BC

wrote earliest saved Latin comedies; Bacchides, Persa, Amphitryon

Ennius

239 BC - 169 BC

"father of Roman poetry"; Annales

Cato (The Elder)

234 BC - 149 BC

first to write history in Latin; Origines, On Agriculture

Terence

185 BC - 159 BC

Latin comedy; Andria, Adelphoi, Phormio

Varro

116 BC - 27 BC

"Three Books on Agriculture" was his main work but he has a TON of lost works; microbio?

Cicero

106 BC - 43 BC

greatest orator

Catullus

84 BC - Approx. 54 BC

Latin love poet; influenced Horace/Ovid/Virgil

Virgil

70 BC - 19 BC

Aeneid was the "national epic"

Horace

65 BC - 8 BC

Odes, Satires, Epistles, Ars Poetica. Leading lyric poet during reign of augustus

Livy

59 BC - 17 AD

wrote History of Rome

Ovid

43 BC - 17 AD

Metamorphoses, last Latin love elegist

Seneca

4 BC - 65 AD

statesman/ stoic philosopher, Seneca's Letters

Juvenal

Approx. 55 AD - Approx. 138 AD

The Satires, dactylic hexameter

Tacitus

56 AD - 120 AD

senator/ "one of the greatest" historians, Annals and Histories

Apuleius

125 AD - 170 AD

prose, platonist philosopher. "Metamorphoses," or "The Golden Ass"