Landmark cases that changed America

LANDMARK SUPREME COURT DECISIONS

Judicial review. Power to S.C.

1803

Marbury v. Madison
Judge John Marshall
https://www.britannica.com/event/Marbury-v-Madison

Implied powers to Congress

1819

McCulloch v. Maryland

Judge John Marshall

https://www.britannica.com/event/McCulloch-v-Maryland

Regulation of commerce

1824

Gibbons v. Ogden

Judge John Marshall

https://www.britannica.com/event/Gibbons-v-Ogden

Did not free slave

1857

Dred Scott v. Sanford

Judge Roger B. Taney

https://www.britannica.com/event/Dred-Scott-decision

Upheld Segregation

1896

Plessy v. Ferguson

Judge Henry Billings Brown

https://www.britannica.com/event/Plessy-v-Ferguson

America doesn't mess around with monopolies

1911

Standard Oil of New Jersey v. U.S

Judge Edward. D. White

Upheld Japanese internment

1944

Upheld African Americans

1954

Gave criminal rights to a lawyer

1963

Gideon v. Wainwright

Judge Abe Fortas

https://www.britannica.com/event/Gideon-v-Wainwright

Extended protection of press

1964

New York Times v. Sullivan

Judge William Brennan

https://www.britannica.com/event/New-York-Times-Co-v-Sullivan

Right to regulate birth control

1965

Griswold v. Connecticut

Judge Arthur Goldberg

https://www.britannica.com/event/Griswold-v-State-of-Connecticut

Gave criminal "right to remain silent"

1966

Miranda v. Arizona

Judge Earl Warren

https://www.britannica.com/event/Miranda-v-Arizona

Women's rights on abortion

1971

Roe v. Wade

Judge Harry Blackmun

https://www.britannica.com/event/Roe-v-Wade

PRESIDENTS

Thomas Jefferson

1801 - 1809

Republican

James Monroe

1817 - 1825

Republic

James Buchanan

1857 - 1861

Democrat

Grover Cleveland

1893 - 1897

Democrat

Franklin D. Roosevelt

1933 - 1945

Democrat

Dwight D. Eisenhower

1953 - 1961

Republican

Lyndon B. Johnson

1963 - 1969

Democrat

Nixon

1969 - 1974

Republican