Cold War Timeline

Events

War Ends in Europe

1944 - 1945

While American & British leaders were planning the invasion of France.. German soldiers were busy fighting the Soviet Armies in the east. Soviets eventually pushed the Germans backwards. By the end of January 1945 Soviet forces were 40 miles of the German capital of Berlin.

D-Day Allied Forces invaded France

June 6,1944

Allied forces invaded France. Over 150,000 troops landed on the beaches of Normandy that first day. By July nearly 1 million soldiers had come ashore.

Potsdamn Conference

July 1945

The two sides argued about Eastern Europe which bordered the Soviet Union and was occupied by Soviet forces. The Soviet Union had been invaded by Germany during both world wars. British leaders believed that Stalin planned to establish pro-soviet communists government.

The Marshall Plan

1947

Named after the U.S provided 13 billon for rebuilding Europe. The plan helped Western Europe make a rapid recovery from the war. It also helped preserve political stability.

The Truman Doctine

1947

It was a pledge to provide economic and military aid to oppose the spread of communism. The U.S congress agreed to send millions of dollars in aid to Greece & Turkey

The Berlin Airlift

June 1948

A massive effort to supply West Belin. At one point a cargo plane was taking off from landing in Belin every 30 seconds. The Berlin airlift was a success.

Hydrogen Bomb

1952

Completely vaporizing the island on which the bomb was tested. As with the atomic bomb the U.S technological advantage was short lived. This development of nuclear weapons forced both sides too change their military tactics. U.S and Soviet leaders increased their stockpiles of nuclear weapons.

Cuban missile crisis

1962

A confrontation between the U,S and the Soviet Union over the installation of Soviet nuclear missiles Cuba. Soviet leaders removed the missiles when the U.S agreed to remove U.S missiles from turkey. They also promised not to attack Cuba.

Richard Nixon

1968

Richard Nixon was elected president and reduced tension between superpowers. His negotiations known as the Strategic Limitations Talks led to agreements limiting the numbers of each side. The two sides then began a new round of talks called SALT II.

Velvet Revolution

November 16, 1989

Pushed the communists out of power. In Poland the Solidarity movement force free elections. Romania where some military forces remained loyal to the communist dictactors.