Idaho's history

by: Aniyah Henderson

Events

The Louisiana Territory was purchased by the U. S. from France

1803

Captains Lewis and Clark discovered Idaho at Lemhi Pass

1805

Britain opened first trading post; Kullyspell House was built

1809

Fort Henry, the first American trading post established

1810

Pacific Fur company expedition explored Snake River Valley; discovered Boise Valley

1811

Treaty between Spain and U. S. established southern boundary of Idaho at 42nd parallel

1820

Battle fought in Lemhi Valley between Snake River explorers and Piegan Indians

1823

U. S. received Northwest Territory from Russia in treaty

1824

First crossing of Rocky Mountains in covered wagons; battle of Pierre's Hole between fur trappers and Grosventre Indians

1832

Oregon Trail established in Idaho

1843

Gold discovered on the Pend Oreille River

1852

Twenty-one immigrants massacred in Boise Valley by Snake River Indians

1854

Idaho Territory organized; Bear River Massacre, the West's largest slaughter of Indians, occurred

1863

Boise became capital of Idaho

1865

Nez Perce Indian Wars took place

1877

(1878) Bannock Indian Wars were fought

1878

Lead and silver lodes were discovered in Wood River area

1880

Idaho became 43rd state on July 3; first session of Idaho legislature met

1890

Bitterroot Forest Reserve was established to protect bison

1897

Largest sawmill in U. S. began operations at Potlatch

1906