AP Euro 1966-2005

Events

Vietnam War

1945 - 1975

Cold War

1947 - 1991

Nuclear Test Ban Treaty

1963

Brussels Treaty

1967

Streamlined the work of the European institutions, by merging the executives of the three Communities (ECSC, EEC, Euratom), after which, a single Commission and a single Council served all three Communities.

Brezhnev Doctrine

1968

Affirmed the right of the SU to intervene in the affairs of Communist countries to strengthen Communism.

Prague Spring

1968

SU brutally suppressed Czech government that tried to become more democratic, leaves Czech under exremely communist rule.

ABM Treaty

1972

Watergate

1972

Scandal in which Nixon's assistants broke into the Democratic Party headquarters

SALT I

1972

Britain, Denmark, and Ireland join the EU Communities

1973

SU in Afghanistan

1979 - 1988

SU supported the communist North Afghanistan and aided them until their eventual win of the war.

SALT II

1979

European Monetary System

1979

Precursor to the economic and monetary union, was created to stabilize exchange rates, limit currency fluctuations between countries, and curb price increases—inflation

Moscow Olympics

1980

USA boycotted it to protest communism within the Cold War.

Greece joins the EC

1981

INF Treaty

1987

Berlin Wall falls

1989

Revolutions of 1989

1989

Because of political repression, authoritarianism, religious prosecution, and poverty. Ended with capitalist governments in Poland, Hungary, East Germany, Czechoslovakia, Bulgaria, and Albani as well as the breakup of Yugoslavia.

United Germany

1990

East and west Germany unite

Dissolution of SU

1991

The SU breaks up into Russia and other independent republics.

START I

1991

START II

1993

EU Central Bank inaugurated

1998

The ECB was charged with the responsibility for framing and implementing the EU’s monetary policy and managing the euro.

Euro adopted as single currency

1999

Amsterdam Treaty

1999

To reform EU institutions in preparation for the arrival of future member countries, specifically those from Central and Eastern Europe.

War in Afghanistan

2001 - 2014

US mainly involved because of terrorism (especially Al-Queda)

Treaty of Nice

2003

Opened the way for upcoming enlargements by reforming EU voting laws. Its purpose was to reform the institutions so that the EU could function efficiently after reaching 25 member countries.

People

Brezhnev

1964 - 1982

SU dictator, emphasized re-Stalinization

Johnson

1966 - 1969

US president

Josip Tito

1966 - 1990

Led the Partisan revolution and freed Yugoslavia from SU

Willy Brandt

1969 - 1974

Chancellor of West Germany that led the Socialist Democratic Party of Germany

Nixon

1969 - 1974

US president

Erich Honecker

1971 - 1989

Socialist leader of East Germany & founded the Free German Youth group

Ford

1974 - 1977

US president

Carter

1977 - 1981

US president

Margaret Thatcher

1979 - 1990

GB prime minister, conservative; AKA the Iron Lady because of her uncompromising politics and leadership style. She implemented policies that have come to be known as Thatcherism (privatization of nationalized industries and trade union legislation),

Francois Mitterand

1981 - 1995

Socialist french president

Reagan

1981 - 1989

US president

Helmut Kohl

1982 - 1998

1st chancellor of the united Germany

Andropov

1982 - 1984

SU leader

Chernenko

1984 - 1985

SU leader

Gorbachev

1985 - 1991

last SU leader

Bush Sr.

1989 - 1993

US president

Lech Walesa

1990 - 1995

President of Poland

Yeltsin

1991

First leader of Russia (after SU broke up)

Vaclav Havel

1993 - 2003

1st president of the Czech Republic & expanded NATO

Clinton

1993 - 2001

US president

Slobodan Milosovic

1997 - 2000

Leads Serbia and the Socialist Party of Serbia, reformed it into a multi-party system and introduced a more tolerable society.

Putin

1999 - 2008

Bush Jr

2001 - 2009

US president

Putin

2012 - Present

Social/Political Changes

Detente

1960 - 1973

Period of gradual relaxation of tensions in the Cold War.

Superrealism

1963 - 1980

Mass migration from E to W Germany

1980 - 2000

People flee the oppressive communist rule in East Germany into West Germany for better economic and social opportunities.

Environmental Movement

1980 - Present

People pay more attention to the impacts humans have on the environment which led to more laws aimed at protecting nature.

Neo-expressionism

1980 - 1990

Glasnost

1980 - 1989

Increased government transparency (openness) within Gorbachev's rule of SU.