Streamlined the work of the European institutions, by merging the executives of the three Communities (ECSC, EEC, Euratom), after which, a single Commission and a single Council served all three Communities.
Affirmed the right of the SU to intervene in the affairs of Communist countries to strengthen Communism.
SU brutally suppressed Czech government that tried to become more democratic, leaves Czech under exremely communist rule.
Scandal in which Nixon's assistants broke into the Democratic Party headquarters
SU supported the communist North Afghanistan and aided them until their eventual win of the war.
Precursor to the economic and monetary union, was created to stabilize exchange rates, limit currency fluctuations between countries, and curb price increases—inflation
USA boycotted it to protest communism within the Cold War.
Because of political repression, authoritarianism, religious prosecution, and poverty. Ended with capitalist governments in Poland, Hungary, East Germany, Czechoslovakia, Bulgaria, and Albani as well as the breakup of Yugoslavia.
East and west Germany unite
The SU breaks up into Russia and other independent republics.
The ECB was charged with the responsibility for framing and implementing the EU’s monetary policy and managing the euro.
To reform EU institutions in preparation for the arrival of future member countries, specifically those from Central and Eastern Europe.
US mainly involved because of terrorism (especially Al-Queda)
Opened the way for upcoming enlargements by reforming EU voting laws. Its purpose was to reform the institutions so that the EU could function efficiently after reaching 25 member countries.
SU dictator, emphasized re-Stalinization
Led the Partisan revolution and freed Yugoslavia from SU
Chancellor of West Germany that led the Socialist Democratic Party of Germany
Socialist leader of East Germany & founded the Free German Youth group
GB prime minister, conservative; AKA the Iron Lady because of her uncompromising politics and leadership style. She implemented policies that have come to be known as Thatcherism (privatization of nationalized industries and trade union legislation),
Socialist french president
1st chancellor of the united Germany
last SU leader
President of Poland
First leader of Russia (after SU broke up)
1st president of the Czech Republic & expanded NATO
Leads Serbia and the Socialist Party of Serbia, reformed it into a multi-party system and introduced a more tolerable society.
Period of gradual relaxation of tensions in the Cold War.
People flee the oppressive communist rule in East Germany into West Germany for better economic and social opportunities.
People pay more attention to the impacts humans have on the environment which led to more laws aimed at protecting nature.
Increased government transparency (openness) within Gorbachev's rule of SU.