-The the territory was divided due to the fall of the Tang dynasty in 906
-In the east, there were small kingdoms in 923
-Then a general in of these kingdoms named Zhao Kuangyin rebelled against their ruler and the court officials and started his own dynasty…Thus the Song Empire was born.
-After 2 decades of warfare, the Song capital was taken in 1276, after fighting with the remnants of the court, the empire ended in 1279.
-The Song Dynasty were defeated by (1st) Jin Empire and (2nd) the Mongols. Each time they were attacked and defeated by their allies.
Ruled southern China and set the capital at Hanzhou. In 1127 – 1279 Song developed economically.
Riches by trading with north China, the South, West Asia and Europe
Contributed in the practice of acupuncture
Painting and art depicting nature flourished (influenced by Daoism)
A higher social class, the gentry, emerged, and among women, the practice of binding the foot was spread (scholar-gentry, relating to Confucianism)
Invention of movable type, gunpowder, porcelain, paper money and magnetic compass; cultivation of rice, transportation and communication for trade
Reduced the power of wealthy aristocrats
The population of China increased