Civil Rights

Events

First Slaves Come to America

Approx. 1619 - Approx. 1620

Bacon's Rebellion

1676

Indentured servants unhappy with conditions and unfulfilled promises

3/5's Compromise

1787

Invention of Cotton Gin

1793

Importation of Slaves Outlawed

1807

Missouri Compromise

1820

Admitted Missouri as a slave state and Maine as a free state. Furthermore, with the exception of Missouri, this law prohibited slavery in the Louisiana Territory north of the 36° 30´ latitude line

American Colonization Society

Approx. 1820 - Approx. 1829

William Lloyd Garrison's The Liberator

Approx. 1830 - Approx. 1839

Nat Turner's Rebellion

1831

Silenced Southern abolitonists

Gag Resolution

1836 - 1844

No petition against slavery should be received or heard by the House

Underground Railroad

Approx. 1840 - Approx. 1859

Fredrick Douglass

Approx. 1840 - Approx. 1870

Compromise of 1850

1850

-Texas surrendered its claim to New Mexico, as well as its claims north of the Missouri Compromise Line. It retained the Texas Panhandle and the federal government took over the state's public debt.
-California was admitted as a free state
-The South prevented adoption of the Wilmot Proviso that would have outlawed slavery in the new territories and the new Utah Territory and New Mexico Territory were allowed, under the principle of popular sovereignty, to decide whether to allow slavery within their borders.
-The slave trade (but not slavery altogether) was banned in the District of Columbia.
-A more stringent Fugitive Slave Law was enacted.

Uncle Tom's Cabin

1852

Kansas-Nebraska Act

1854

Allowed people in the territories of Kansas and Nebraska to decide for themselves whether or not to allow slavery within their borders and served to repeal the Missouri Compromise

Dred Scott Case

1857

Slaves can't be taken from owners as they are property

Civil War

1861 - 1865

Emancipation Proclamation

1863

13th Amendment

1865

Abolished slavery

Freedmen's Bureau

1865 - Approx. 1872

14th Amendment

1868

Granted citizenship to “all persons born or naturalized in the United States,” which included former slaves recently freed

15th Amendment

1870

Granted African American men the right to vote

Booker T. Washington

Approx. 1890 - Approx. 1899

Plessy v. Ferguson

1896

Separate but Equal

W.E.B Du Bois - Creation of NAACP

1909

Wanted immediate rights, especially for "Talented Ten". NAACP mostly worked with the legal side of segregation.

Harlem Renaissance

Approx. 1920 - Approx. 1929

Marcus Garvey

Approx. 1920 - Approx. 1929

A. Philip Randolph's Threatened March on Washington

Approx. 1943 - Approx. 1944

Desegregation of Military

1948

Sweat v. Painter

1950 - 1951

Grad School for blacks

Brown v. Board of Education

1954

Integration of Schools

Montgomery Bus Boycott

1955 - 1956

Little Rock 9

1957

Lunch Counter Sit-Ins

1959 - Approx. 1960

MLK "I Have a Dream"

1963

Affirmative Action

1964 - Approx. 1965

Civil Rights Act of 1964

1964

Outlaws discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, or national origin

Voting Rights Act of 1965

1965

It outlawed discriminatory voting practices, including literacy tests

Black Panther Party

1966 - Approx. 1970

Membership died off in early 70's

Milliken v. Bradley

1974

Can't bus across district lines