New Testament

Important Leaders

Herod the Great

37 BC - 4 BC

King of Judea

Caesar Augustus

16 January 27 BC - 19 August 14 AD

1st Roman Emperor

Herod Antipas

4 BC - 39 AD

King of Judea

Tiberius (14-37)

18 September 14 AD - 16 March 37 AD

2nd Roman Emperor

Gamaliel 1

24 AD - 40 AD

Leader of the Pharisees, Teacher of the apostle Paul

Gaius Caligula

18 March 37 AD - 24 January 41 AD

3rd Roman Emperor

Herod Agrippa

41 AD - 44 AD

King of Judea

Claudius I

24 January 41 AD - 13 October 54 AD

4th Roman Emperor

Nero

13 October 54 AD - 9 June 68 AD

5th Roman Emperor

Galba

9 June 68 AD - 15 January 69 AD

6th Roman Emperor

Otho

15 January 69 AD - 16 April 69 AD

7th Roman Emperor

Vitellius

16 April 69 AD - 22 December 69 AD

8th Roman Emperor

Vespasian

1 July 69 AD - 23 June 79 AD

9th Roman Emperor

Titus

23 June 79 AD - 13 September 81 AD

10th Roman Emperor

World Events

Useful for understanding place on World Timeline

Romans first enter Britain

55 BC

Egypt under Roman Control

30 AD

Roman Invasion of Britain Begins

43 AD

Judea rebels against Rome

66 AD

Destruction of Jerusalem

70 AD

Mt Vesuvius Erupted

79 AD

Biblical Events

Birth of Christ

Approx. 4 BC

Ministry of John the Baptist

Approx. 25 AD - Approx. 27 AD

Baptism of Jesus

27 AD

Appointment of Disciples

30 AD

Apostolic Period

Approx. 32 AD - Approx. 100 AD

Death and Resurrection of Jesus

33 AD

Saul's Conversion

34 AD

Paul's 1st Missionary Journey

Approx. 46 AD - Approx. 48 AD

Cyprus, Antioch, Pisidia, Iconium, Lystra, Derbe

Paul's 2nd Missionary Journey

Approx. 49 AD - Approx. 52 AD

Lystra, Derbe, Philippi, Thessaionica, Berea, Athens, Corinth

Paul's 3rd Missionary Journey

Approx. 52 AD - Approx. 57 AD

Ephesus, Greece, Troas, Miletus, Ephesus

Paul Imprisoned in Rome

Approx. 60 AD - Approx. 62 AD

Paul Imprisoned in Rome

66 AD

Most Apostles Dead

70 AD

Books Written

Matthew

Approx. 40 AD - Approx. 60 AD

Gospel

Summary: An account of the life of God's Son, anchoring him in the history of the people of Israel, and as the King of the Jews.

I have chosen to place the book of Matthew on the timeline based on John A.T. Robsinson's dating, as highlighted in Elwell & Yarbrough, 65.

James

Approx. 44 AD - Approx. 49 AD

General Epistle

Summary: Living a life of faith will have real-world effects. When we focus on God, our faith will be evident in our actions and words.

Mark

Approx. 45 AD - Approx. 50 AD

Gospel

Summary: Jesus is God's Son, but also God's servant. He came to earth to humbly serve, and as an example of how to live our lives.

I have chosen to place the book of Mark on the timeline based on John A.T. Robsinson's dating, as highlighted in Elwell & Yarbrough, 75.

Galatians

Approx. 49 AD - Approx. 50 AD

Pauline Epistle

Summary: Despite the teachings of false teachers, we do not need to follow rules or laws to earn salvation, it is by faith and through God's grace that we receive salvation.

1 Thessalonians

Approx. 50 AD - Approx. 51 AD

Pauline Epistle

Summary: Continue to trust in the truth of the Gospel, relying on that truth for strength during times of persecution, as well as fuel to grow in your relationship with God.

2 Thessalonians

Approx. 51 AD - Approx. 52 AD

Pauline Epistle (debated)

Summary: During difficult times, look towards the coming of Christ as motivation for persevering, and as you patiently wait in your faith, your relationship with God will deepen.

1 Corinthians

Approx. 55 AD - Approx. 56 AD

Pauline Epistle

Summary: The church should strive live up to Christian morals, and needs to pay attention to areas of struggle such as division in the church, respecting marriage/singleness, sexual immorality, spiritual gifts and the traditions of the church. Christians and the church as a body should glorify God.

Romans

Approx. 56 AD - Approx. 57 AD

Pauline Epistle

Summary: God has a plan for salvation, carried out through His son Jesus. Humans are full of sin, and need righteousness, and it is through faith that we can receive God's righteousness, only when we live by faith. God's righteousness can be seen in the changing of our lives and through our salvation.

Ephesians

Approx. 60 AD - Approx. 62 AD

Pauline Epistle (debated)

Summary: By anchoring ourselves in our faith, and committing to grow in our relationship with God, we will be able to live life in accordance with God's purpose for us. Through putting our faith and relationship first, the behaviors of our lives and communities will be changed.

Philemon

Approx. 60 AD - Approx. 62 AD

Pauline Epistle:

Summary: As Christian's we are called to forgive and welcome fellow believers who we have been estranged from as brothers and sisters. This is not a simple task, but can be accomplished through the grace of God and dependence on His love.

Philippians

Approx. 60 AD - Approx. 62 AD

Pauline Epistle

Summary: By following Jesus' example of humility and serving others, we can have the same joy that he experienced. This comes from following His examples, and centering your life on Jesus.

Colossians

Approx. 60 AD - Approx. 62 AD

Pauline Epistle

Summary: Christ is the center of everything: Of creation, of the church, and of our lives. It is through Christ that we receive are identity, and it is through Christ that we can carry out our Christian lives.

Acts

Approx. 62 AD - Approx. 63 AD

Early Church History

Summary: Though Jesus returned to His Father, he continues to be the head of the church, and the church continues to carry out it's mission of sharing the Good News to all people. For example, Peter spreads the Gospel through Jerusalem and Samaria, and Paul spreads the Gospel through the Roman empire.

1 Timothy

Approx. 62 AD - Approx. 64 AD

Pauline Epistle (debated)

Summary: Leaders will sometimes face difficulties, but they need to root themselves in their faith, and not let the trials they face to stop them from using their God-given gifts.

Luke

Approx. 62 AD - Approx. 63 AD

Gospel

Summary: A full picture of Jesus' life, death, resurrection, and ascension, through the lens of Jesus as the Son of Man who has come to save all men,

Titus

Approx. 62 AD - Approx. 64 AD

Pauline Epistle (debated)

Summary: It is important for leader to have a body of believers around them as support. These leader are people whose lives will be examples of their faith, and their actions will speak towards their faith in Christ.

1 Peter

Approx. 64 AD - Approx. 65 AD

General Epistle

Summary: When looking for an example of how to live Godly lives, look to Christ. This way, we can glorify God throughout persecution or suffering.

2 Timothy

Approx. 66 AD - Approx. 67 AD

Pauline Epistle (debated)

Summary: Though hardships will come, leaders anchor the church and encourage believers to live by faith. Leaders themselves can be encouraged by predecessors examples when they need encouragement to finish their fight.

Hebrews

Approx. 67 AD - Approx. 69 AD

General Epistle

Summary: Jesus Christ is bigger than anything else, and the hope that He offers is better than any other hope. In times of persecution, cling to Jesus.

2 Peter

Approx. 67 AD - Approx. 68 AD

General Epistle

Summary: Christians need to live out their faith diligently to avoid false teachers, and to anchor themselves in God's Word to be able to identify His truth.

Jude

Approx. 68 AD - Approx. 70 AD

General Epistle

Summary: Christians will face false teachers, and we need to be aware of them so that we can know when God's truth is not being spoken. More than just being aware, Christians need to fight against false teaching.

John

Approx. 80 AD - Approx. 90 AD

Gospel

Summary: Jesus is the Son of Man, but He is also the Son of God, as evident by the accounts of the miracles He performed and the perspective-altering 'I Am' statements.

2 John

Approx. 90 AD - Approx. 95 AD

General Epistle

Summary: As we grow in relationship with God, we also grow in love for others. But Christians need to be aware of God's truth to be able to love how God wants us to.

1 John

Approx. 90 AD - Approx. 95 AD

General Epistle

Summary: When we have faith in Jesus Christ, we put God's desires before our own. When we do this, we are able to experience fellowship with God and with His people.

3 John

Approx. 90 AD - Approx. 95 AD

General Epistle

Summary: Continue to love others, but also continue to be aware of people teaching against God's truth.

Revelations

Approx. 94 AD - Approx. 96 AD

Apocalypse

Summary: In the end, God wins. His way is the ultimate truth, and His way wins out. We can have hope in this future for the coming redemption.