20th Century History

Cold War

WW2

1939 - 1945

Yalta Conference

Feb 1945

Potsdam Conference

Jul 1945

Truman Doctrine

Mar 1947

Cominform

Sep 1947

Berlin Blockade

Jun 1948 - May 1949

Marshall Plan

Jun 1948

Creation of NATO

Apr 1949

Korean War

Jun 1950 - Jul 1953

Stalin offers to make Germany neutral

1952

Warsaw Pact

May 1955

Vietnam War

Nov 1955 - Apr 1975

Berlin Wall

1961

Cuban Missile Crisis

Oct 1962 - October 13, 1962

Nuclear Test Ban Treaty

1963

Detente

1969 - 1979

Nixon visits China

1972

SALT 1

1972

Collapse of Berlin Wall

Nov 1989

Collapse of USSR

1991

Castro

Batista seizes power through a coup & destroys the constitution

1952

The Moncada Barracks Attack

1953

Castro released from prison

1955

The Granma Attack

1956

The Sanctuary in the Sierra Maestra mountains

1956 - Jan 1959

Castro's rise to power

Jan 1959

Economic Alliance with USSR

1960

Nationalization of Private Schools (no more religion)

1961

Literacy Campaign

1961

Bay of Pigs Invasion

Apr 1961

Cuban Missile Crisis

Oct 1962 - October 13, 1962

"10 million ton harvest" movement

1970

Castro closes Cuba's borders

1970

Chile (troops sent there)

1971

Angola (troops sent there)

1975

Nicaragua (troops sent)

1979

Castro dies

2008

Stalin

Russian Revolution - end to tsars

1917

'Ban on Factions' policy

1921

Stalin elected General Secretary of the Communist Party

Apr 1922

Lenin dies

21 January 1924

Kamenev, Zinoviev, and Trotsky (left wing) expelled from party

Nov 1927

Campaign to close churches

1928

Procurement Crisis

1928

Economy less prosperous than in 1914

1928

1st Five-Year Plan

1928

Bukharin (right wing) removed from Politburo

Nov 1929

Stalin's rise to power

Nov 1929

Start of Purges

1932

Soviet Famine

1932 - 1933

2nd Five Year Plan

1933

Great Terror / Great Purge

1936 - 1938

3rd Five Year Plan

1938

Only Stalin left from 1917 Bolshevik Party

1940

Battle of Stalingrad between Nazi Germany and USSR

1942

Stalin reestablished the Russian Orthodox Church

1943

Stalin dies

Mar 1953

Events

Rights & Protests

National Party (Afrikaans) win put in legislation the apartheid the election

1948

Brown vs Board of Education

1954

seperate but equal education unconstitutional... BUT 1956: not 1 school integrated in South

Montgomery Bus Boycott

December 1, 1955 - December 20, 1956

creation of MIA, rise of MLK, growth of peaceful resistance in South

Rosa Parks arrested

december 1, 1955

Black people (70%) sent to live in 30% of land (forcibly relocated and permits to work in white areas)

1957

Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC)

1957

King leader

SNCC and the lunch counter protests

1960

white only counter, student non-violent coordinating committee --> success, led to wider student protest

Sharpeville Massacre

1960

CORE and the Freedom Rides

1961

4 white and 4 black students took inter-state buses to test laws. they were firebombed --> media coverage of event

James Meredith enrolled in Uni of Mississippi

1962

only after Kennedy sent 100s of troops, later shot

Birmingham and the march on Washington

1963

Birmingham: school children as demonstrators, police dogs and water cannons let out --> filmed
Washington: "I have a dream" MLK & 250'000 civil rights supporters marched

Freedom Summer

1964

could not register black voters: so created the MFDP (Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party) as alternative // at democratic convention 1964, 2 MFDP representatives allowed. --> failure to register black voters

Voting Rights Act

1965

peace march in Montgomery known as Bloody Sunday --> caused the Voting Rights Act

Rise of radical black activism

1965 - 1968

End of MLK's influence

1966

Mexico Olympics (2 black men did black power salute)

1968

Death of MLK

1968

Legal segregation ended (still in education), could now vote freely, economic and social hardships

1968