China--Use dis one for quiz

Events

The Long March

1934 - 1935

Chinese communists led by Mao break through nationalist lines and begin fighting

Who lost China?

1949

This quotation refers to Mao Zedong’s communist win in 1949 over Chiang Kai shek, a nationalist backed by the United States

Agricultural Reform Law

1949

Occurred in 1949, and eliminated landlords and gave land to those who were farmers.

Marriage Law

1950

Occurred in 1950, gives women the power to get divorced and also ended footbinding

Beginnings of the Sino-Soviet split

1950

Occurred in 1950s, as a result of differing national interests and various interpretations of communist ideology

Three and Five antis

1951 - 1952

corrupt politicians, supposed tax evaders, deflecting away from problems in the government, both focus on what they claim to be corruption, they are anti-rightist movements

First 5 year plan

1953 - 1957

Treaty of Friendship Alliance and Mutual Assistance between Mao and Stalin provided China w technical advice, financial help (300 million dollars in credit) and 10,000 engineers and planning experts
Goal was to increase steel, coal, and machinery production
Also aimed to increase the output of food by turning farms into cooperatives

Hundred Flowers Bloom

1956

Began in 1956, during the time of the first 5 year plan. It was a policy of openness in which Mao allowed for criticism of the government. Ended up being a large failure

Great Leap Forward

1958 - 1963

Occurred from 1958-1963, and was the largest failure in history. Was the second five year plan, resulted in a huge famine.

Backyard Steel Campaign

1958

Was supposed to increase steel output but ended up being a failure because the steel produced was inflexible and not able to be used

Three Bitter Years

1958 - 1961

Occurred from 1958-1961, Mao fabricated the statistics of what China’s people actually needed to survive
Climate also was not cooperating

Moderates (Liu Shaoqi)

1963 - 1966

Liu Shaoqi is supported by Deng Xiaoping start modern socialism--change education to be more open
Economic and social liberalism
Lessening censorship

Mao's return to power

1966 - 1969

Death of Liu, Deng ousted as a “rightist”

Cultural Revolution

1966 - 1979

Red Guards, Red Book, and Maoism
Economic Standstill
Social reaction (reacting to the reforms made by leaders before Mao) and ideological programming
Youth movements
Censorship
Fear, terror, violence (wanton--violence to make people afraid), show trials
Madame Jiang (of the Gang of Four) ran the cultural and theatre centers

Nixon visits Beijing

1972

is important because it helped to stabilize relations between the US and China

Gang of Four

1976 - 1978

comprised of 3 communist officials and Mao’s wife. Took him out of power

Deng Xiaoping becomes leader

1978

de-Maoism economically and socially, and in 1979 introduces the 1 child policy.