Chinese communists led by Mao break through nationalist lines and begin fighting
This quotation refers to Mao Zedong’s communist win in 1949 over Chiang Kai shek, a nationalist backed by the United States
Occurred in 1949, and eliminated landlords and gave land to those who were farmers.
Occurred in 1950, gives women the power to get divorced and also ended footbinding
Occurred in 1950s, as a result of differing national interests and various interpretations of communist ideology
corrupt politicians, supposed tax evaders, deflecting away from problems in the government, both focus on what they claim to be corruption, they are anti-rightist movements
Treaty of Friendship Alliance and Mutual Assistance between Mao and Stalin provided China w technical advice, financial help (300 million dollars in credit) and 10,000 engineers and planning experts
Goal was to increase steel, coal, and machinery production
Also aimed to increase the output of food by turning farms into cooperatives
Began in 1956, during the time of the first 5 year plan. It was a policy of openness in which Mao allowed for criticism of the government. Ended up being a large failure
Occurred from 1958-1963, and was the largest failure in history. Was the second five year plan, resulted in a huge famine.
Was supposed to increase steel output but ended up being a failure because the steel produced was inflexible and not able to be used
Occurred from 1958-1961, Mao fabricated the statistics of what China’s people actually needed to survive
Climate also was not cooperating
Liu Shaoqi is supported by Deng Xiaoping start modern socialism--change education to be more open
Economic and social liberalism
Death of Liu, Deng ousted as a “rightist”
Red Guards, Red Book, and Maoism
Social reaction (reacting to the reforms made by leaders before Mao) and ideological programming
Fear, terror, violence (wanton--violence to make people afraid), show trials
Madame Jiang (of the Gang of Four) ran the cultural and theatre centers
is important because it helped to stabilize relations between the US and China
comprised of 3 communist officials and Mao’s wife. Took him out of power
de-Maoism economically and socially, and in 1979 introduces the 1 child policy.