Celts inhabit much of Europe, and beginning to colonize the British Isles
Roman withdrawal from Britain
First Roman raids on Britain under Julius Caesar
Roman occupation of Britain under Emperor Claudius (beginning of Roman rule of Britain)
Anglo Saxon settlement (Angles, Frisians, Saxons, Jutes) of Britain begins
St. Augustine arrives in Britain (beginning of Christian conversion of the Anglo- Saxons)
Anglo Saxon language covers most of modern-day England
Viking raids of Britain begin
Old English epic poem Beowulf is composed
Alfred the Great becomes the King of Wessex, encourages English prose and translation of Latin works
Charles II of France grants Normandy to the Viking chief Hrolf the Granger (the beginning of Norman French)
The Norman Conquest under William the Conqueror
London becomes the facto capital of England
Oxford University established
King John loses the province of Normandy to France
Cambridge University established
The Black Death kills one third of the British population
John Wycliffe publishes his English translation of The Bible
Henry IV becomes the first-English speaking monarch since before the Conquest
The Great Vowel Shift begins
William Shakespeare writes his first plays
Jamestown, the first permanent English settlement in the New World, established.
Publication of the First English-Language newspaper, the "Courante" or "Weekly News"
First Folio of William Shakespeare´s works is published.
Publication of the first daily English- Language Newspaper, "The Daily Courant", in London.
Samuel Johnson publishes his "Dictionary of the English Language"
Britain wrests control of Canada from the French
Last native speaker of the Celtic Comish language died
George Washington defeats Cornwallis at Yorktown and Britain abandons its American colonies
British Penal Colony established in Australia
First publication of "The Times" newspaper in London
First English settlement at the Cape of Good Hopes, South Africa
Lewis and Clark document exploration of routes to American West
Abolition of Slavery in the British Empire
First edition of the Oxford English Dictionary is published
India and Pakistan gain independence from Britain