Russia and the Cold War

Events

Tehran conference

1943

USA drops 2 atomic bombs on Hiroshima

1945

Yalta conference

Feb 1945

Potsdam conference

July 1945

Iron curtain speech

5th March 1946

COLD WAR BEGINS

1947

Marshall plan

1947

Truman Doctrine

1947

Cominform

1947

Berlin airlift

June 1948 - May 1949

Peak date= 16th April 1949

The Berlin Blockade

24th June 1948 - 12th May 1949

NATO

1949

USSR tests first atomic bomb

1949

Comecon

1949

USA develops hydrogen bomb

1952

USSR develops hydrogen bomb

1953

Death of Stalin

5th March 1953

Hungary

5th March 1953 - 4th November 1956

Warsaw Pact

1955

Rakosi no longer in power

July 1956

Nagy in charge

24th October 1956

Kadar now prime minister

25th Oct 1956

Russian army pull out of Budapest

28th Oct 1956

FREEDOM

28th Oct 1956 - 3rd Nov 1956

Nagy announces Hungary is leaving Warsaw Pact

3rd Nov 1956

1000 Russian tanks roll into Budapest, 4000 killed

4th Nov 1956

Socialist revolution- Castro now in charge

1959

Geneva conference

May 1959

USA conference

September 1959

Paris conference

May 1960

US spy plane shot down

1st May 1960

The Bay of Pigs

17th Apr 1961 - 19th April 1961

Vienna conference

June 1961

The Berlin Wall

13th Aug 1961 - 9th November 1989

Cuban Missile crisis

16th Oct 1962 - 28th Oct 1962

Spy plane finds missile sites

16th Oct 1962

JFK orders blockade

20th Oct 1962

USSR say this is an act of aggression and they intend to ignore it

24th Oct 1962

Preparations for nuclear attack start

25th Oct 1962

Cuba ready for invasion, US spy plane shot down

27th Oct 1962

DEAL MADE, missiles withdrawn

28th Oct 1962

Outer Space Treaty

1967

no nuclear weapons in space

Novotny falls from power

5th Jan 1968

The Prague Spring

5th Jan 1968 - 21st Aug 1968

4 months of FREEDOM!!!

Apr 1968 - Aug 1968

Freedom of speech and the removal of state controls over industry

Apr 1968

Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty

July 1968

prevent the spread of nuclear weapons

Dubcek says Czech isn't leaving pact, although visited by Tito

Aug 1968

Brezhnev doctrine

3rd Aug 1968

Eastern European countries can't reject communism

50,000 Warsaw Pact troops invade Prague, peaceful protests from the locals

20th Aug 1968

Gustav Husak in charge

17th Apr 1969

Move to Detente

1972

SALT I

1972

limit the number of weapons

5 summit conferences between Nixon and Brezhnev

1972 - 1979

Euoropean Sercurity Conference (Helsinki)

1973 - 1975

Space link up

July 1975

The Second Cold War

1979

USSR invade Afghanistan

25th Dec 1979

The Carter Doctrine

Jan 1980

Mutually Assured Destruction (MAD)

March 1983

SDI (Star Wars) initiated

23rd March 1983

Glasnost and Perestroika introduced

1985

Mujahideen being funded by USA and controlled 75% of the country

1988

USSR withdrawn from Afghanistan

15th Feb 1989

Fall of the Berlin wall

9th Nov 1989

Gorbachev resigns, SOVIET UNION BREAKS UP

25th Dec 1991

COLD WAR HAS ENDED

26th Dec 1991

USA leaders

Roosevelt

1933 - 1945

Truman

1945 - 1953

Eisenhower

1953 - 1961

Kennedy

1961 - 1963

Johnson

1963 - 1969

Nixon

1969 - 1974

Ford

1974 - 1977

Carter

1977 - 1981

Reagan

1981 - 1989

Bush

1989 - 1993

USSR leaders

Lenin

1917 - 1924

Stalin

1924 - 1953

Malenkov

1953 - 1955

Khruschev

1955 - 1964

Brezhnev

1964 - 1982

Andropov

1982 - 1984

Chemenko

1984 - 1985

Gorbachev

1985 - 1991

Russia

Bloody Sunday

22nd January 1905

WW1

1914 - 1917

February revolution starts

25th February 1917

Industry at standstill; 300,000 strike

Shots fired onto crowd

26th February 1917

Duma dissolved, Provisional Government in charge

27th Feb 1917

Tsar abdicates!

2nd March 1917

Provisional Government in charge

3rd March 1917

April theses

April 1917

July days

July 1917

Kornilov revolt

August 1917

Trotsky chair of Petrograd soviet, ran the military

8th Oct 1917

Lenin back in Petrograd

10th Oct 1917

Soldiers in Petrograd side with Trotsky

21st Oct 1917

PM: Bolsheviks capture key locations with Lenin in charge - the revolution

24th Oct 1917

AM: Kerensky shuts down phone lines into Bolshevik HQ

24th Oct 1917

Winter palace surrounded by Bolsheviks

25th Oct 1917

Lenin elected as leader with Trotsky in charge of foreign affairs

26th Oct 1917

November elections- Bolsheviks lose

Nov 1917

Treaty of Brest-Litovsk

3rd March 1918

Civil War

April 1918 - Jan 1921

NEP

1921

Kronstadt mutiny

Feb 1921

Lenin dies

21st Jan 1924

Zinoviev and Kamenev removed from the Politburo

Dec 1925

Trotsky expelled from party leadership

1926

Stalin announces collectivisation plans

1927

Trotsky expelled from party

1927

1st Five Year Plan

1928 - 1932

Trotsky exiled from USSR

1929

Cult of Stalin starts

Dec 1929 - Approx. 1953

Collectivisation reinforced

1931

2nd Five Year Plan

1933 - 1937

Kirov assassinated

Dec 1934

90% of farms collectivised

1935

Show trials

1936

16 senior members of the party were made to confess to crimes, including Kamenev and Zinoviev

Purge spread to Red Army

1937 - 1938

Stalin worried about military takeover

More show trials

1937 - 1938

17 more party rivals put on trial, found guilty and shot
then 21 party members found guilty, executed or sent to camps

Purge spread to NKVD

1938

Stalin felt they knew too much about the purges

99% of land has been collectivised

1939

3rd Five Year Plan

1939 - 1941

Stalin dies

5th March 1953