Mary I

Events

Cardinal Reginald Pole

1500 - 1558

went into exile in Italy rather than accede to HVIII's religious reforms. He was made a Cardinal in 1536 and was a influential figure under Popes Paul III and Julius III. He returned to England as Archbishop of Canterbury in 1554 under MI. But his wider influence diminished under Pope Paul IV, who disliked him and regarded him as a heretic.

Philip of Spain

1527 - 1598

Son of MI's cousin. In 1554 Philip was ruling the Netherlands on behalf of his father, whom he succeeded as king of Spain in 1556. He shares Mary's devout Catholocism.

Mary I proclaimed queen

1553

Execution of Northumberland

1553

Forty-Two Articles of Religion

1553

Pole appointed papal legate to England

1553

Marriage of Mary and Philip of Spain

1554

Execution of Lady Jane Grey

1554

Wyatt's Rebellion

1554

Restoration of heresy laws

1555

Harvest failure

1555

Burnings for heresy resume

1555

Execution of Cranmer

1556

Harvest failure

1556

Paul IV revokes Pole's papal legateship

1557

Influenza empidemic

1557

War against France

1557

Death of Queen Mary I

1558

Loss of Calais

1558