5

Containment Doctrine to "Tear Down This Wall"

Events

Containment Doctrine

1947

A policy that held that Russia, was relentlessly expansionary. Argued that the flow of Soviet power could be stopped by "firm and vigilant containment".

Truman Doctrine

12 March 1947

A U.S. foreign policy that said that it must be the policy of the United States to support free peoples who are resisting attempted subjugation by armed minorities or by outside pressures, the U.S.S.R.

Marshall Plan

1948

Started at Harvard University, called for spending $12.5 Billion over four years to provide financial assistance to Europe in order to contain communism.

NATO

1949

A Democratic defensive alliance that pledged to regard an attack on one country as an attack on all.

McCarthyism

1950

In the early 1950s, Senator McCarthy used his position in Congress to baselessly accuse high-ranking government officials and other Americans of conspiracy with communism. The term named after him refers to the dangerous forces of unfairness and fear wrought by anticommunist paranoia.

NSC-68

1950

National Security Council recommendation that the United States should quadruple its defense spending.

Nixon Doctrine

1969

A doctrine that stated that the United States would stay true to all of their existing defense commitments but Asian and other countries would not be able to rely on large bodies of American troops for support in the future.

"Tear Down This Wall!"

12 June 1987

On June of 1987, U.S. President Reagan spoke to the West Berlin populace at the Brandenburg Gate, demanding the tear down of the Berlin Wall, directly addressing Mikhail Gorbachev.