The invention of the printing press was a major turning point in history due to it being the reason for spreading ideas between indiviuals and increased the literacy amongst citizens.
Cortez conquered the Aztecs [2.3] [INT-7]
The defeat of the Aztec civilization was an example of Spain's desire to gain more resources and land for their country.
1517 - 1648
Atlantic Slave Trade [1.4] [INT-7]
Important to European interactions because of competition, economic policies, and trade with other countries.
1543 - 1800
Slave Trade and Consumer Goods [2.2] [INT-9]
Due to the consumer demand in new products like sugar, tobacco, rum, and coffee made a massive economic boom.
1600 - 1750
Rule of Louis XIV
1657 - 1715
1700 - 1800
French Salons [2.3] [INT-7}
French salons were created and hosted by aristocrat women, and their purpose was to gather intellectuals to socialze and exchange ideas. Much like the printing press, it did share ideas more effectively, however did so more direct and in person.
Diseases in the New World [2.2] [INT-9]
1775 - 1782
Whilst trade and economic gain for countries were peaking, there were diseases brought to the New Worlds in expansion such as smallpox who killed the natives
1789 - 1799
Was a bloody yet successful revolution, but caused many conservative leaders to fear liberalism after Napoleon I became conqueror.
Rule of Napoleon I
1799 - 1812
Declared himself Emperor of France, conquered many of the neighboring cities. Introduced a form of democracy, so when he was exhiled out of power, the French were still able to establish the first French Republic.
Max Planck [3.6]
1858 - 1947
1870 - 1890
Social Darwinism [3.5] [INT-7}
Important to European society and its interactions within the society because it establishes a culture in the country. Social Darwinism in this case is allowing the mass degrading ideal of anyone who seemed "inferior." This ideal soon came after Charles Darwin's ideal of Survival of the Fittest.
Wilson Idealism [4.2] [INT-8]
1913 - 1921
President Woodrow Wilson committed and urged for the rest of the countries to have self-determination, which in a sense he was asking them to be nationalistic, and proposed the 14 point plan.
1916 - 1923
Influenced American culture because after WWI, war was no longer glorified. Dadaism the art stye encouraged writers and painters to question American society.
1929 American Stock Market Crash [4.2] [INT-8]
America's stock market crash influenced the rest of Europe by cutting off trade completely and isolating itself to keep money in the country, only for it to have completely backfired.
New technologies introduced [4.1] [INT-8]
America had not been involved in WWI until the very end, but before then, they were suppling coutries who were in the war with imperalistic products and machines. From the new technology, it made the war more lethal.
Decolonization [4.1] [INT-9]
1947 - 1968
Since countries were so damaged from WWII, they did not have the funds to support their foreign colonies not have the men to settle the riots for independence.
Imperial conflicts and alliances [3.5] [INT-9]
1947 - 1991
The United States and the now newly created Soviet Union were having an arms race to make nuclear weapons out of nationalism and fear for the other.
Marshall Plan [4.2}[INT-8]
1948 - 1951
The Marshall Plan influenced the rest of Europe after WWII from all the damages caused to several countries. This not only made the American an the alliance countries' economies stronger, it also gained a positive side to most of the countries they had helped.
The Second Sex
Novel created by Simone de Beauvoir, and became the well known novel for the movement of feminism.