Church History

Important Events

Councils

Council of Nicaea

320 AD

The Council of Nicaea is the first ecumenical council. This council was attented by 318 bishops, and by Emperor Constintine. This council issued the Nicene Creed. The council clarified the teachings of the Church, stating that Jesus is one in being with the Father. Jesus is a divine Person of the Trinity

Council of Constantinople

381 AD

The second ecumenical council, was held in present day turkey. The council rejected the teachings of the Macedonians, who denied the divinity of the Holy Spirit. This council stated that the Holy Spirit is consubstantieal with the Father and the Son.

Council of Ephesus

431 AD

The third ecumenical council was held in Ephesus which is present day Turkey. This council condemed the Nestorians, who said that there were two separate persons in the incarnate christ - a divine Person and a human Person. This is incorrect, since Jesus is one divine Person with two natures: divine and human. In addition the council of Ehesis also delcared Mary as the Mother of God.

Council of Chalcedon

451 AD

The fourth great ecumenical council was held in Chalcedon in 481 AD. Chalcedon is also in Turkey. This concil condemned Monophysitism which said that Jesis has only one nature which is a combination of His divine nature and His human nautre.

Council of Trent

1545 AD - 1563 AD

Durning this council of Trent 30 bishops met at the first session. The council defined key doctrines of the Church: the necessary of Scripture and Tradition. In addition the importance of grace, the seven sacraments, hierarchical Church, and the divine instition of the priesthood.

First Vatican Council

1869 AD - 1870 AD

Vatican 1 enhanced the potential for papal ministry in the Church. It also spurred an internal spiritual renewal of the Church. Thousands entered seminaries, convents and monasteries. Now hospitals and missions sprang up all over the world. Mass attendance was probably the highest in histoy. Devotional life flourished. Catholicism became a world force to be reckoned with.

Second Vatican Council

1962 AD - 1965 AD

Pope John xxii opened the Second Vatican Council on October 11, 1962. He said the purpose of the Council was "aggiornamento," an "updating" that would be pastoral response of the church to the contemporary needs of the modern world.

Saints

Birth date of Saint Brigid of Kildare

450

This was the day that Saint Brigid was born. Saint Brigid was born in Ireland. Many stories of Brigid's purity followed her childhood. She was unable to keep from feeding and healing the poor. Saint Brigid is a great saint to look up to for her loving and kindness to all people.

Death date of St. Brigid

525

This is the day that Saint Brigid died.

Birth date of Mother Teresa

August 26, 1910

This day was the day that Mother Teresa was born.

Death date of Mother Teresa

September 5, 1997

This is the day that Mother Teresa died

Mother Teresa canonization

September 4, 2016

This is the day that Mother Teresa got canonized.

Doctors of the Church

Pentecost

33 AD

birth date of Saint Thomas Aquinas

1225

Day that he was born.

Death date of Saint Thomas Aquinas

1274

This is the day when Saint Thomas Aquinas died

Papacy of Saint Pope John Paul II the Great

1978 - 2005

Papacy of Pope Francis

March 13, 2013 - Present