The History of The Church

Events

Pentecost

Approx. 30 AD - Approx. 33 AD

The birth of the Church. The Holy Spirit is breathed into the Apostles. This inspires them to go out and spread the word of God.

Jesus' Resurrection and Ascension

Approx. 30 AD - Approx. 33 AD

The most important part of Christian history, Jesus raises from the dead. He stays on Earth for 40 Days then ascends into Heaven.

Edict of Milan

313 AD

Roman Emporer Constantine declares Christianity legal and the preferred religion of Rome after he receives a vision. His mother goes on the become a saint.

Great Schism

1054 AD

The split between the eastern and western church. This is the split between the Easter Orthodox Church (East) and the Roman Catholic Church. This happened because of a debate between the two regions about who held more power in the Church.

Protestant Reformation

1517

Martin Luther nailed 95 these on a door of a church in Germany. This was his complaints about how the Church operates. This spurred the Protestant Reformation and caused many people to break away from the church.

Papacy of Saint Pope John Paul II the Great

October 22, 1978 - April 2, 2005

Saint Pope John Paul II the Great becomes pope. He is known for his generosity and taking part the latest council: Vatican II.

Papacy of Pope Francis

March 13, 2013 - Present

Pope Francis becomes pope. He has put emphasis on world peace and working together.

Saints and Doctors of the Church

Birth of Saint Brigid

451 AD

Saint Brigid of Kildare is born in Ireland. She lives her life graciously, always thinking of others before herself. She made sure to help everyone she could, even if it would hurt her.

Death of Saint Brigid of Kildare

525 AD

Saint Brigid of Kildare dies at 74 years old. She later is canonized a saint. Her skull can curently be found in a church in Portugal.

Hildegard Von Bingen

1098 - 1179

Saint Hildegard, a doctor of the Church has made a very big impact on the Church. She has many writings that are important in the Tradition of the Church. She did all this despite living in a time period in which women weren't given the same rights as men. This made her accomplishments even greater.

Saint Thomas Aquinas

1226 AD - 1274 AD

Thomas Aquinas was a saint who had very important writings. Many of his writings are still being debated today. In addition to that, he is also the patron of students and all universities.

Saint Francis Desales

1567 - 1622

The future doctor of the church knew at a young age that he had a vocation to priesthood. Despite his family wanting him to go into law, he wanted to become a priest. One day while riding his horse a miracle occurred. Eventually he became a priest and eventually a doctor of the church.

Birth of Martin de Porres

December 9th, 1579

Martin de Porres was born as an illegitimate son of a slave and a monarch. This made it difficult for him to become a Dominican. Despite the obstacle he became a brother and eventually became a very respected person in his community.

Death of Martin de Porres

November 3rd, 1639

Martin de Porres dies at age 60. He died a peaceful death after a lifetime of helping others and saving lives.

Beatification of Saint Martin de Porres

October 29th, 1837

Saint Martin de Porres is canonized by Pope John XXIII. He was known for his generosity and miracles of healing, bilocation, levitation and being able to walk through walls.

Saint Marian Cope Birth Date

1838

One of the Amerian Saints is born. She was born in Germany, but she did all of her work helping lepers in Hawaii.

Father Damien de Veuster Birth

1840

An American Saint is born. He was ordained a priest around 1864. He is known for helping people in Hawaii that have leprosy.

Father Damien de Vuester Death

1889

An American Saint dies. He is later canonized by Pope Benedict XVI. He is the patron saint of lepers.

Saint Marian Cope Death

1918

An American Saint dies. She is best known for helping lepers in Hawaii. She is the patron of lepers, outcasts, those with HIV/AIDS, and Hawaii.

Church Councils

Council of Nicaea

325 AD

The first ecumenical council. This council included 318 bishops and Emporer Constantine. This council instituted the Nicene Creed. Also, the council rejected the teachings of Arius.

Council of Constantinople

381 AD

The second ecumenical council. This council rejected the teachings of the Macedonians, who like Arius, rejected the divinity of Jesus.

Council of Ephesus

431 AD

The third ecumenical council. This council condemned the Nestorians who said that God was two seperate persons. They also condemned the Pelagians who said we could reach perfection without God's grace.

Council of Chalcedon

451 AD

The fourth ecumenical council. This council condemned Monophysitism. Monophysitism is the beief that Jesus only ohad one nature which was combined version of divine and human.

Council of Trent

1545 - 1563

One of the most important councils, the council of Trent came just after the Protestant Reformation. This council confirmed every Doctrine that was contested by Protestants.

First Vatican Council

1869 - 1870

This council gives the Pope more power. It spurred a spiritual renewal in the Church. The Church became a powerful world force.

Second Vatican Council

1962 - 1965

The Church updates their responses to the needs of the world. The biggest change was in the Liturgy. The dignity of human beings is also stressed more.