Civil War

Events

Missouri Compromise (1820)

1820

A "line" that separates the free and slave states. North was free, and South was slave.

Compromise of 1850

1850

Settled disagreements between new free/slave states.

Kansas Nebraska Act

1854

A plan that would divide the leftover from the Luisiana Purchase. Let the people decide whether the states are free or slave.

Bleeding Kansas

1856

People who were pro-slavery went into Kansas to influence the vote even though they were not citizens. This led to the abolitionists to fight back.

Dred Scott Decision

1857

Court decides that the Missouri Compromise is unconstitutional and that slaves are not U.S citizens meaning they have no right to sue.

John Brown's raid on Harpers Ferry

October 16, 1859

John Brown wanted slaves to fight for their freedom so he decided to capture weapons from the U.S arsenal. Brown was later captured and hung for murder and treason.

Election of 1860

April 1860

The election of 1860 is the election that Abraham Lincoln wins presidency.

South Carolina Secedes

December 20, 1860

South Carolina doesn't like Abraham Lincoln so they decide to secede and form a new country.

Confederate States of America formed

February 8, 1861

Most southern states decide to secede from the union to form a new country where slavery is legal.

Lincoln's First Inaugural Address

March 4, 1861

Lincoln stated that no state could secede from the union and that there will be no war unless the south starts it.

Fort Sumpter

April 12, 1861

The battle that started the Civil War.

First Battle of Bull Run

July 21, 1861

The first MAJOR battle of the Civil War.

Emancipation Proclamation

January 1, 1863

Declared that all slaves in the rebellious states shall be free.

Battle of Vicksburg

May 18, 1863

Union captures Vicksburg and splits the confederacy in two along the Mississippi River.

Battle of Gettysburg

July 1, 1863

Turning point in the Civil War. Union won the battle.

Gettysburg Address

November 19, 1863

A speech given by Abraham Lincoln. Was about honoring the people who died in the Battle of Gettysburg.

Reconstruction

1865 - 1877

The Reconstruction Era refers to the "reconstruction" of America after the Civil War.

Lincoln's Second Inaugural Address

March 4, 1865

Speech was meant to heal and "restore" the country after the Civil War.

Appomattox Court House

April 9, 1865

One of the final battles of the Civil War. Robert E. Lee surrenders to the Union army.

Lincoln's assassination

April 14, 1865

While at a theatre, Abraham Lincoln is shot and killed by a man named John Wilkes Booth.