APUSH

Events

The Colonial Period (1492-1763)

Jamestown colony founded

1607

First Africans arrive in Virginia

1619

Plymouth colony founded; House of Burgesses established in Virginia

1620

Massachusetts Bay colony founded

1630

Roger Williams establishes Rhode Island colony

1635

Anne Hutchinson expelled for Massachusetts Bay colony

1637

English Civil War

1642 - 1648

Halfway Covenant established in New England

1662

Bacon's Rebellion in Virginia

1676

Glorious Revolution in England; William and Mary succeeded James II

1688

Witchcraft trials begin in Salem

1692

Great Awakening begins

1734

Stono rebellion in North Carolina; George Whitfield begins preaching in America

1739

French and Indian war begins; Albany plan of union

1754

Pontiac's Revolt; Treaty of Paris

1763

The American Revolution (1763-1783)

Proclamation line of 1763

1763

Sugar Act

1764

Stamp Act; Sons of Liberty formed

1765

Townsend Duties; Dickinson's ” Letters of a Pennsylvania Farmer"

1767

Boston massacre

1770

Tea Act; Boston Tea Party

1773

Intolerable Acts; First Continental Congress

1774

Lexington and Concord; Battle of Bunker Hill

1775

Common Sense published by Thomas Paine; Declaration of Independence

1776

British surrender at Saratoga

1777

Articles of Confederation approved; General Cornwallis surrenders at Yorktown

1781

Treaty of Paris ends war, grants American independence; Newburgh conspiracy of American army officers

1783

United States Constitution (1785-1789)

Land ordinance provides for early development of territories; Spain closes the Mississippi River to American shipping

1785

Annapolis convention; Virginia adopts Jefferson's “Statue of Religious Freedom” Shays’ rebellion

1786

Northwest Ordinance prohibits slavery in new territories; Constitutional Convention meets in Philadelphia

1787

Federalist Papers published; New Hampshire is ninth state to ratify Constitution, making it the law of the land

1788

Washington elected and inaugurated as president; French Revolution begins

1789

The New Nation (1789-1824)

Judiciary Act sets up federal court system

1789

Bill of Rights approved; First Bank of United States chartered

1791

George Washington issues proclamation of neutrality; cotton gin patented by Eli Whitney

1793

Whiskey Rebellion

1794

Jay Treaty; Pinckney Treaty; Treaty of Greenville

1795

Adams defeats Jefferson for presidency

1796

XYZ affair; Alien and Sedition Acts; Virginia and Kentucky resolutions

1798

Jefferson defeats Adams for presidency; Prosser's rebellion

1800

John Marshall becomes Chief Justice; Midnight judges appointed by Adams

1801

Marbury vs. Madison decision; Louisiana Purchase

1803

Lewis and Clark expedition

1804

Chesapeake-Leopard incident; Embargo Act; Robert Fulton builds Clermont, first steamboat

1807

Battle of Tippecanoe

1811

Congress declares war on Britain

1812

British burned Washington DC; Treaty of Ghent ends War of 1812; Hartford Convention

1814

Jackson defeats British at New Orleans

1815

Panic of 1819; McCollough v. Maryland decision

1819

Missouri compromise

1820

Monroe Doctrine

1823

Gibbons v. Ogden decision promotes interstate trade

1824

Jacksonian Democracy and Westward Expansion (1824-1850)

John Quincy Adams wins Corrupt Bargain presidential election

1825

Tariff of Abominations; Jackson wins presidency

1828

Jackson vetoes Maysville Road extension; Baltimore & Ohio becomes first railroad company; Joseph Smith publishes Book of Mormon

1830

Cherokee Nation v. Georgia denies Indian claim of nationhood; Nat Turner's Rebellion

1831

Jackson vetoes US bank re-charter; Nullification crisis in South Carolina

1832

Texas independence fight; Gag rule prevents discussion of slavery in Congress

1836

Panic of 1837

1837

Trail of Tears

1838

Annexation of Texas

1845

US declares war on Mexico; Oregon Treaty

1846

Gold discovered in Northern California; Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo; Seneca Falls statement of women's rights

1848

California gold rush

1849

Sectional Conflict and the Causes of the Civil War (1850-1860)

Compromise 1850; Fugitive Slave Law passed

1850

Uncle Tom's Cabin published

1852

Ostend Manifesto; Kansas-Nebraska Act; Republican Party formed

1854

“Bleeding Kansas”

1856

Dred Scott decision; Lecompton Constitution in Kansas

1857

Lincoln-Douglas debates

1858

John Brown's Raid

1859

Lincoln elected president

1860

The Civil War and Reconstruction (1860-1877)

Crittenden Compromise proposed; South Carolina secedes

1860

Confederacy formed; firing on Ft. Sumter; First Battle of Bull Run

1861

Shiloh; Antietam; Homestead Act; Emancipation Proclamation announced

1862

Vicksburg; Gettysburg; New York City draft riots

1863

Grant takes command of all Union armies; Sherman captures Atlanta

1864

Lee surrenders at Appomattox; Lincoln assassinated; 13th Amendment ends slavery; Freedman's Bureau established

1865

Alaska purchased from Russia; Grange founded

1867

Pres. Johnson impeached; 14th Amendment passed; Grant elected president

1868

Transcontinental railroad completed; Knights of Labor formed

1869

Slaughterhouse case; Panic of 1873

1873

Custer defeated by Sioux at Little Big Horn

1876

Compromise of 1877; Reconstruction ends

1877

Industrialism, War, and the Progressive Era (1877-1912)

Bland-Allison Act

1878

Edison invents the light bulb

1879

Pres. Garfield assassinated; Helen Hunt Jackson writes A Century of Dishonor

1881

Standard Oil Trust formed; Chinese Exclusion Act

1882

Pendleton Civil Service Act

1883

Haymarket Square bombing in Chicago; American Federation of Labor formed

1886

Dawes Act

1887

Jane Addams founds Hull House in Chicago

1889

Sioux massacred at Wounded Knee; Sherman Antitrust Act; Sherman Silver Purchase Act; US Census declares frontier’s end; Alfred Mahan writes The Influence of Sea Power upon History

1890

Populist Party formed

1891

Homestead Steel Strike

1892

Panic of 1893

1893

Pullman strike; Coxey’s Army

1894

Plessy v. Ferguson upholds separate but equal; McKinley defeats Bryan for pres.

1896

U.S.S Maine sinks in Havana Harbor; Spanish-American War, Dewey captures Philippine Islands; Hawaii annexed by U.S.

1898

Aguinaldo leads Filipinos against Americans; Treaty of Paris ends Spanish-American War; Open Door Policy in China

1899

Boxer Rebellion in China

1900

Theodore Roosevelt becomes president

1901

Platt Amendment; President Roosevelt settles coal strike

1902

U.S. recognizes Panama’s independence

1903

Northern Securities Trust dissolved; Roosevelt Corollary declared

1904

Upton Sinclair writes The Jungle; Pure Food and Drug Act; Hepburn Act; President Roosevelt wins Nobel Peace Prize

1906

Taft elected president

1908

NAACP formed

1909

Triangle Shirtwaist Fire; Mexican Revolution erupts

1911

Roosevelt forms Progressive Party to Challenge Taft; Wilson elected President

1912

Wilson and WW1 (1912-1920)

Wilson elected president

1912

16th Amendment (income tax) ratified; 17th Amendment (direct senator election) ratified

1913

Clayton Antitrust Act; Panama Canal opens; WWI begins

1914

Germany sinks Lusitania

1915

U.S. declares war on Germany; Espionage Act passed; Russian Revolution;

1917

Wilson proposes Fourteen Points; armistice ends war; U.S.

1918

Treaty of Versailles; Red Scare and Palmer raids; Senate rejects U.S. role in League of Nations; 18th Amendment (Prohibition) ratified; Schenck v. United States.

1919

19th Amendment (women’s suffrage) ratified

1920

The Roaring Twenties and Economic Collapse (1920-1929)

Sacco and Vanzetti arrested; Harding elected president; First commercial radio broadcast

1920

Teapot Dome scandal

1923

National Origins Act sets 2 percent quotas for immigration

1924

Scopes Tennessee evolution trial

1925

Lindbergh’s solo flight across the Atlantic; Al Jolson stars in The Jazz Singer, the first talking film

1927

Hoover elected president; 52 nations sign Kellogg-Brian Pact renouncing war

1928

Stock Market crashes in October

1929

Hawley-Smoot Tariff raises duties on farm products and manufactured goods

1930

Bonus Expeditionary Force marches on Washington, D.C.; Franklin Roosevelt wins presidency

1932

Prohibition repealed; Hundred Days of legislation follows FDR’s inauguration; FDIC established by Glass-Steagall Act; Agricultural Adjustment Act passed; National Industrial Recovery Act passed; Tenn

1933

Securities and Exchange Commission established; Huey Long begins Share Our Wealth clubs; Dr. Francis Thompson promotes Old Age Revolving Pension Plan; Nye committee probes WWI profit during by America

1934

Schecter v. United States rules NIRA unconstitutional; Works Progress Administration established; National Labor Relations (Wagner) Act protects workers' rights; Social Security Act passed; Congress p

1935

FDR defeats Republican Landon and third-party Union party for president; General Motors sit down strike; Germany occupies the Rhineland; Spanish Civil War begins; Ethiopia falls to Italy

1936

FDR proposes court-packing plan, which fails; Japan invades Chinar

1937

Appeasement at Munich by England's Chamberlain is Germany takes Sudetenland

1938

Czechoslovakia falls to Germany; Austria votes to be annexed by Germany; Germany invades Poland; Neutrality Act allows cash-and-carry for military purchases; Germany and Soviet Union sign of nonaggres

1939

Germany conquers Denmark, Norway, the Netherlands, Belgium, and France; Congress approves first peacetime draft; US in Great Britain sign destroyers for bases deal; America First Committee established

1940

Lend-Lease Act allows US to financially assist allied nations; FDR and Churchill sign Atlantic Charter, pledging self-determination for all nations; Germany invades Soviet Union; Japan attacked Pearl

1941

WW2 and the Post-War Era (1940-1960)

Axis powers declare war on the US three days after Pearl Harbor

1941

Japan captures Philippine Islands as Bataan and Corregidor fall; War production Board established; US begins interning Japanese American citizens; Germany sinks 400 American ships; Battle of Coral Sea

1942

Casablanca Conference; Americans seize Guadalcanal Island; Soviets defeat Germans at Stalingrad; Allies invade Italy; Teheran Conference

1943

Allies invade France at Normandy (D-Day) June 6; Battle of Leyte Gulf; Roosevelt elected president for fourth term; Island-hoping campaign retakes Guam Island; Battle of the Bulge

1944

Yalta Conference; Hitler commits suicide in Berlin Bunker; V-E Day; Potsdam Conference; Bomb dropped on Hiroshima; Soviets declare war on Japan; Bomb dropped on Nagasaki; V-J Day

1945

Churchill gives “Iron Curtain” speech; George Kennan proposes containment policy

1946

Truman Doctrine aids nations resisting Communism; Marshals Plan provides economic aid to Europe; House Un-American Activities Committee investigates Hollywood; Jackie Robinson breaks color line in bas

1947

Soviets block access to West Berlin in Berlin Airlift; Alger Hiss case begins; Truman signs armed forces desegregation order; Israel becomes a nation; Truman defeats Dewey

1948

NATO formed; Soviet Union explodes atomic bomb; Mao leads communist takeover in China

1949

Korean War begins; U.S. troops invade North Korea; Chinese troops enter the war; Rosenberg spy trial begins; McCarthy begins anti-communist campaign; U.S. begins hydrogen bomb program

1950

Gen. MacArthur relieved of command in Korea; Peace negotiations begin in Panmunjon, Korea

1951

Eisenhower elected president

1952

Korean War ends with truce and demilitarized zone

1953

Brown v. Topeka Board of Education; Army-McCarthy hearings; French surrender at Dienbienphu in Vietnam; Sen. McCarthy censured by Senate

1954

Martin Luther King, Jr. begins Montgomery Bus Boycott

1955

Suez Crisis; Soviets crush Hungarian Revolt

1956

Soviets launch Sputnik; Eisenhower Doctrine commits economic aid to Middle East; Little Rock school desegregation crisis

1957

Castro takes over in Cuba; Soviet Premier Khrushchev visits U.S.

1959

The New Frontier, Vietnam, and Social Upheaval (1960-1972)

Kennedy and Nixon participate in first televised presidential debates; Greensboro sit-in protests; Kennedy defeats Nixon

1960

Bay of Pigs invasion fails; Freedom rides; Berlin Wall built;

1961

Cuban Missile Crisis; Students for a Democratic Society formed

1962

Rev. King begins Birmingham desegregation efforts; University of Alabama admits first black student; Civil Rights March on Washington; Premier Diem of S. Vietnam toppled by U.S.-approved coup; Preside

1963

President Johnson announces war on poverty; Freedom summer vote registration campaign in Mississippi; Civil Rights Act passed; VISTA established; Berkeley Free Speech Movement; Gulf of Tonkin Resoluti

1964

Medicare funding begins; Race riots in Watts; Malcolm X assassinated; American combat troops sent to Vietnam

1965

National Organization for Women (NOW) formed

1966

Race riots in Detroit and Newark; Massive antiwar protest in Washington, D.C.; Israel, Arab neighbors fight Six-Day War

1967

Viet Cong launch Tet Offensive; Dr. MLK assassinated; Robert Kennedy assassinated; Protests at Chicago Democratic Convention; Nixon elected President

1968

Woodstock festival; Apollo 11 crew lands on the moon

1969

U.S. invades Cambodia; Kent State Massacre

1970

Nixon visits People’s Republic of China; Détente begins with Soviet Union; SALT I Treaty signed with Soviet Union

1972

Watergate, Conservative's Rise, and Post-Cold War Challenges (1972- 2005)

Watergate break-in occurs at Democratic Headquarters; Nixon defeats McGovern for presidency.

1972

U.S., N. Vietnam sign Paris Peace Accords; Roe v. Wade expands abortion rights; Yom Kippur War in Israel; Vice-President Agnew resigns in disgrace

1973

Impeachment proceedings against Nixon; U.S. v. Richard Nixon - tapes must be turned over; Nixon resigns; V.P. Ford succeeds him; Ford pardons Nixon

1974

U.S. abandons S. Vietnam as it falls to N. Vietnam

1975

Camp David Accords between Israel and Egypt

1978

U.S. and China establish diplomatic relations; Iran deposes shah; Iran militants capture U.S. embassy and take hostages; Soviet Union invades Afghanistan; Three-Mile Island nuclear accident; Sandinist

1979

U.S. boycotts Moscow Olympics; Reagan elected president

1980

Iran releases hostages; Reagan breaks air traffic controller strike; Sandra Day O’Connor named first female Supreme Court justice; AIDS epidemic reaches U.S

1981

241 Marines killed in Lebanon; U.S. invades Grenada

1982

Iran-Contra affair; Challenger space shuttle explodes after takeoff

1986

Exxon Valdez runs aground in Alaska; Students begin pro-democracy demonstrations in China; Berlin Wall falls

1989

Saddam Hussein of Iraq invades Kuwait

1990

Operation Desert Storm ends Iraq’s occupation of Kuwait; Soviet Union breaks up as Cold War ends

1991

Los Angeles riots follow Rodney King verdict; Clinton elected president

1992

North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) approved

1993

U.S., NATO forces enforce peace in Bosnia

1995

Clinton acquitted following House impeachment

1999

George W. Bush defeats Gore in disputed election

2000