1450-1550

Events

1450

1450

Invention of the Printing Press- The invention of the printing press by Gutenberg would allow for the spread of ideas with a speed never before seen and can be viewed as a direct cause of the Renaissance. [SP #1]

1463

1463

Pico Della Mirandola; he wrote “Oration on the Dignity of Man”. It wrote that humans had unlimited potential.

1469

1469

Marriage of Ferdinand of Aragon to Isabella of Castile. They issued an edict expelling all Jews and Muslims from Spain.

1481

1481

The Portuguese were the first European nation to set up a slave fort in Africa to act as a headquarters for slave traders in modern day Ghana [INT #1]

1485-1509

1485 - 1509

Henry VII created a special court called the Star Chamber.

1492

1492

Christopher Columbus’ Voyage- Columbus set sail with the support of the Spanish royalty in order to find a western route to the east Indies. [INT #2]

1494

1494

The Treaty of Tordesillas divides the discoveries in the New World between Spain and Portugal.

1497

1497

The Portuguese Discover India- Vasco De Gama was the first European to sail around the Cape of Good Hope and he eventually landed in the East Indies. [1.4]

1498

1498

Burning of Savonarola. He whipped himself to get forgiven from the sins he had committed.

1500

1500

The Querelles de Femmes

1501-1504

1501 - 1504

Michelangelo completed the David. It was considered a fitting symbol of the Italian renaissance’s affirmation of human power.

1508

1508

Painting of the Sistine Chapel- Michelangelo is commissioned by Pope Julius II to paint the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel which is now one of the most well known pieces of art in the world. [1.1]

1510

1510

Raphael paints the School of Athens. It showed an imaginary gathering of ancient philosophers.

1513

1513

Machiavelli writes the Prince. It advised rulers to use ruthless methods if necessary.

1515

1515

Erasmus writes the Praise of the Folly; this poked at the corruptness of the Church.

1516

1516

homas Moore wrote Utopia, which described an imaginary society located in the New World. This society featured religious toleration, education for women and men.

1517

1517

Martin Luther’s 95 Theses (1517): A list of complaints against the Catholic Church which would ignite the Protestant Reformation and cause millions of deaths in the centuries to come [IS #1]

1519

1519

Ferdinand Magellan was a Portuguese explorer who was the first to circumnavigate the world.

1521

1521

Luther called before the Diet of Worms. Emperor Charles V commanded Luther to appear in order debate.

1528

1528

Castiglione wrote the Book of the Courtier. It is a set of guidelines to show how all Europeans should act around officials.

1534

1534

Henry the 8th’s Act of Supremacy, which granted King Henry the 8th of England the Supreme head of the church.

1540

1540

Jesuits became the most important new religious order of the Catholic Reformation.

1543

1543

Copernicus publishes the revolutions of heavenly spheres, which offered an alternative model of the universe.

1545

1545

The Council of Trent Convenes, which was prompted by the Protestant Reformation.