Invention of the Printing Press- The invention of the printing press by Gutenberg would allow for the spread of ideas with a speed never before seen and can be viewed as a direct cause of the Renaissance. [SP #1]
Pico Della Mirandola; he wrote “Oration on the Dignity of Man”. It wrote that humans had unlimited potential.
Marriage of Ferdinand of Aragon to Isabella of Castile. They issued an edict expelling all Jews and Muslims from Spain.
The Portuguese were the first European nation to set up a slave fort in Africa to act as a headquarters for slave traders in modern day Ghana [INT #1]
1485 - 1509
Henry VII created a special court called the Star Chamber.
Christopher Columbus’ Voyage- Columbus set sail with the support of the Spanish royalty in order to find a western route to the east Indies. [INT #2]
The Treaty of Tordesillas divides the discoveries in the New World between Spain and Portugal.
The Portuguese Discover India- Vasco De Gama was the first European to sail around the Cape of Good Hope and he eventually landed in the East Indies. [1.4]
Burning of Savonarola. He whipped himself to get forgiven from the sins he had committed.
The Querelles de Femmes
1501 - 1504
Michelangelo completed the David. It was considered a fitting symbol of the Italian renaissance’s affirmation of human power.
Painting of the Sistine Chapel- Michelangelo is commissioned by Pope Julius II to paint the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel which is now one of the most well known pieces of art in the world. [1.1]
Raphael paints the School of Athens. It showed an imaginary gathering of ancient philosophers.
Machiavelli writes the Prince. It advised rulers to use ruthless methods if necessary.
Erasmus writes the Praise of the Folly; this poked at the corruptness of the Church.
homas Moore wrote Utopia, which described an imaginary society located in the New World. This society featured religious toleration, education for women and men.
Martin Luther’s 95 Theses (1517): A list of complaints against the Catholic Church which would ignite the Protestant Reformation and cause millions of deaths in the centuries to come [IS #1]
Ferdinand Magellan was a Portuguese explorer who was the first to circumnavigate the world.
Luther called before the Diet of Worms. Emperor Charles V commanded Luther to appear in order debate.
Castiglione wrote the Book of the Courtier. It is a set of guidelines to show how all Europeans should act around officials.
Henry the 8th’s Act of Supremacy, which granted King Henry the 8th of England the Supreme head of the church.
Jesuits became the most important new religious order of the Catholic Reformation.
Copernicus publishes the revolutions of heavenly spheres, which offered an alternative model of the universe.
The Council of Trent Convenes, which was prompted by the Protestant Reformation.