The first volume of Diderot’s Encyclopedia is established. Diderot was a prominent figure during the Enlightenment.
Maria Theresa, the Queen of Hungary and the daughter of Charles VI, carries out the Diplomatic Revolution.
Beginning of the 7 years war, It involved every great power of the time except the Ottoman Empire.
Voltaire publishes Candide.
Beginning of the Enclosure Movement
Rousseau’s Social contract and Emile is published.
Catherine the Great, longest-ruling female leader of Russia, starts her reign.
The Peace of Paris marks the end of the 7 Years War.
James Hargreave’s Spinning Jenny, a machine for spinning yarn faster than hand.
Beccaria publishes Crime and Punishment, which focused on the mental and moral dilemmas.
Richard Arkwright’s water frame, combined the spinning jenny and the mule.
Louis the 16th, who couldn’t produce a male heir, marries Marie Antoinette
Louie the 16th becomes King of France.
James Watt patents the first steam engine, uses rapid condensation of steam to generate power.
Rococo art style popularity declines and is replaced by Neoclassical style.
Fighting begins between American colonists and British
Adam Smith Publishes The Wealth of Nations- The first well-known description of the economic philosophy now known as capitalism. [PP #2]
Jefferson writes the Declaration of Independence, declared the freedom of the 13 American colonies.
Louie the 16th decides to call the Estates General.
Samuel Crompton invented a spinning machine called the mule. It combined the best features of the Spinning Jenny and the water frame.
Joseph the Second of Austria issues the edict of Toleration, which was accepted by the Holy Roman Empire.
Louie the 16th decides to call the Estates General
Tennis Court Oath was created
French Revolution- The monarchy of France is overthrown and an unstable republic was declared which began the Reign of Terror under Maximilian Robespierre until Napoleon Bonaparte took power in a coup and started the Napoleonic Wars [SP #3]
Civil Constitution of the Clergy, which subordinated the Roman Catholic church in France.
Edmund Burke’s Reflections on the Revolution in France. Edmund Burke was a strong conservative
Declaration on the Rights of Woman- Olympe de Gouges’ response to the new questions about the equality of women raised during the Enlightenment by philosophers such as Rousseau [2.3]
France declares war on Austria.
Sans Culottes, the common people of lower class, storms into the Tuileries Palace.
Mary Wollstonecraft, an advocate of women’s rights, Vindications of the Right of Women.
The beginning of the Reign of Terror, which was led by Robespierre.
Eli Whitney invented the cotton gin, making It possible to efficiently remove seeds from the cotton fiber.
Establishment of the Directory, the government of France during the end of the French Revolution.
Execution of Louie the 16th and Marie Antoinette.
Napolean launches invasion of Northern Italy
Napoleon invades Egypt, which is also called the French Campaign in Egypt and Syria
Eli Whitney’s Cotton Gin, which separated cotton fibers from their seeds.