1750-1800

Events

1751

1751

The first volume of Diderot’s Encyclopedia is established. Diderot was a prominent figure during the Enlightenment.

1756

1756

Maria Theresa, the Queen of Hungary and the daughter of Charles VI, carries out the Diplomatic Revolution.

1756

1756

Beginning of the 7 years war, It involved every great power of the time except the Ottoman Empire.

1759

1759

Voltaire publishes Candide.

1760

1760

Beginning of the Enclosure Movement

1762

1762

Rousseau’s Social contract and Emile is published.

1762

1762

Catherine the Great, longest-ruling female leader of Russia, starts her reign.

1763

1763

The Peace of Paris marks the end of the 7 Years War.

1764

1764

James Hargreave’s Spinning Jenny, a machine for spinning yarn faster than hand.

1764

1764

Beccaria publishes Crime and Punishment, which focused on the mental and moral dilemmas.

1769

1769

Richard Arkwright’s water frame, combined the spinning jenny and the mule.

1770

1770

Louis the 16th, who couldn’t produce a male heir, marries Marie Antoinette

1774

1774

Louie the 16th becomes King of France.

1774

1774

James Watt patents the first steam engine, uses rapid condensation of steam to generate power.

1774

1774

Rococo art style popularity declines and is replaced by Neoclassical style.

1775

1775

Fighting begins between American colonists and British

1776

1776

Adam Smith Publishes The Wealth of Nations- The first well-known description of the economic philosophy now known as capitalism. [PP #2]

1776

1776

Jefferson writes the Declaration of Independence, declared the freedom of the 13 American colonies.

1778

1778

Louie the 16th decides to call the Estates General.

1779

1779

Samuel Crompton invented a spinning machine called the mule. It combined the best features of the Spinning Jenny and the water frame.

1781

1781

Joseph the Second of Austria issues the edict of Toleration, which was accepted by the Holy Roman Empire.

1788

1788

Louie the 16th decides to call the Estates General

1789

1789

Tennis Court Oath was created

1789

1789

French Revolution- The monarchy of France is overthrown and an unstable republic was declared which began the Reign of Terror under Maximilian Robespierre until Napoleon Bonaparte took power in a coup and started the Napoleonic Wars [SP #3]

1790

1790

Civil Constitution of the Clergy, which subordinated the Roman Catholic church in France.

1790

1790

Edmund Burke’s Reflections on the Revolution in France. Edmund Burke was a strong conservative

1791

1791

Declaration on the Rights of Woman- Olympe de Gouges’ response to the new questions about the equality of women raised during the Enlightenment by philosophers such as Rousseau [2.3]

1792

1792

France declares war on Austria.

1792

1792

Sans Culottes, the common people of lower class, storms into the Tuileries Palace.

1792

1792

Mary Wollstonecraft, an advocate of women’s rights, Vindications of the Right of Women.

1793

1793

The beginning of the Reign of Terror, which was led by Robespierre.

1793

1793

Eli Whitney invented the cotton gin, making It possible to efficiently remove seeds from the cotton fiber.

1793

1793

Establishment of the Directory, the government of France during the end of the French Revolution.

1794

1794

Thermidorian Reaction

1795

1795

Execution of Louie the 16th and Marie Antoinette.

1796

1796

Napolean launches invasion of Northern Italy

1798

1798

Napoleon invades Egypt, which is also called the French Campaign in Egypt and Syria

1800

1800

Eli Whitney’s Cotton Gin, which separated cotton fibers from their seeds.