1900-1950

Events

1901

1901

Max Planck Introduces quantum physics

1903

1903

Emmeline Pankhurst forms the Women’s Social and Political Union.

1906

1906

Finland Grants Women’s Suffrage- Finland becomes the first nation in Europe to allow women to vote and a year later the world's first female member of a parliament was elected. [OS #4]

1908

1908

Henry Ford’s makes the Model T.

1914

1914

Balkan Crisis

1914

1914

Assassination of Franz Ferdinand was by the terrorist group of Black Hand.

1914-1918

1914 - 1918

World War 1- A complicated series of alliances as well as nationalism and militarism across Europe erupted into the most deadly conflict in human history up to that point. [4.1]

1915

1915

Sinking of the Lusitania, which brought the United States into the war

1915

1915

The Gallipoli campaign begins, which occurred in World War 1.

1915

1915

The beginning of the Armenian Genocide.

1917

1917

End of the Armenian Genocide

1917

1917

Russian Revolution- The Russian Tsar was forced to abdicate and was replaced by a socialist provisional government which would quickly collapse which began the Russian Civil War. [PP#4]

1918

1918

Wilson’s 14 Points- During the Treaty of Versailles talks, American president Woodrow Wilson calls for self-determination and democracy across Europe in his 14 points. [INT #5]

1919

1919

Treaty of Versailles ended the state of war between the Allied Powers and Germany.

1919

1919

The Wiemar Construction established.

1922

1922

Mussolini becomes Prime Minister of Italy.

1923

1923

German hyperinflation was a cause of instability

1925

1925

Treaty of Locarno, sought to secure post war settlement, established

1927

1927

Heisenberg's Uncertainty Principle- Challenged the certainty of Newtonian physics and was related to the mass feeling of uncertainty following the First World War [4.3]

1927

1927

Heisenberg's Uncertainty Principle- Challenged the certainty of Newtonian physics and was related to the mass feeling of uncertainty following the First World War [4.3]

1928

1928

First Soviet 5 year plan was a series of economic plans for the Soviet Union

1929

1929

Stock Market Crash, which led to the Great Depression in America and other parts of Europe.

1929

1929

Beginning of collectivization, used by Stalin.

1932

1932

Nazis become the largest party in the Reichstag, a German parliament.

1933

1933

Hitler Takes Power in Germany- Discontent with the lasting embarrassment of World War 1 as well as over-inflation and mass poverty created the conditions for Hitler to take full, autocratic control over Germany based on the new political ideology of Fascism. [4.2]

1934

1934

Beginning of the Great Terror in the Soviet Union

1935

1935

Italian invasion of Ethiopia, a country in Africa.

1936

1936

The German remilitarization of Rhineland.

1938

1938

The beginning of Kristallnacht, the night of the broken glass.

1939

1939

Nazi- Soviet nonaggression pact agreed to take no military action for the next 10 years

1939-1945

1939 - 1945

World War II

1940

1940

Winston Churchill replaces Chamberlain as Prime Minister

1941

1941

Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, the entry of World War 2.

1943

1943

Mussolini’s government fails in Italy.

1944

1944

D-day was the invasion of Normandy in World War 2

1945

1945

Adolf Hitler, the head of Nazis, commits suicide.

1945

1945

Atomic bombs dropped down on Japan

1947

1947

Truman Doctrine, provided military aid will be provided to any country threatened by communism was established.

1949

1949

Berlin Airlift leads to ending blockade after 11 months.

1949

1949

The formation of NATO, a military alliance.