Constitutionalism in England

Main

James Staurt (James I) Succeeds Elizabeth

1603 - 1625

Was a Scottish King- cousin of Elizabeth.

Charles I Succeeds James I

1625 - 1649

Charles dissolves Parliament

1629

Has to now resort to "ship money" in order to financially support the production of ships.

James supports Laud

1637

Even though he is sympathetic towards the Puritans (who wanted to purify the Church) he gave the impression of supporting Roman Catholicism by supporting Laud

Laud attempts to impose two new element in Church organization

1637

Wants a new prayer book and the addition of bishoprics

"Long Parliament"

1640 - 1660

It proceeded to enact legislation that limited the power of the monarch and made arbitrary government impossible

King Charles summons Parliament

1640

the Commons passes the Triennial Act

1641

Compels the king to summon Parliament every three years.

English Civil War begins

1642

Tested loyalty: king or Parliament?

Commonwealth, or republican government proclaimed

1649

English Civil War ends

1649

Kings Charles was executed in turn for treason

"Interregnum"

1649 - 1660

The period in between two monarchical periods.

Cromwell crushes a rebellion at Drogheda in Ireland

1649

He uses savagery and leaves a hatred for the English in Ireland

Cromwell enforces Navigation Act

1651

Requires English goods to be transported by English ships

Cromwell rules- "protectorate" but really military dictatorship

1653 - 1658

Instrument of Government

1653

A new constitution created by the army; it invested executive power in Cromwell and a council of state.

Cromwell dies- miliary government collapses

1658

Restoration of monarchy under Charles II

1660 - 1685

Charles enters an agreement with Louis XIV

1670

Agrees to relax laws on Catholics for 200,000 pounds annually.

Test Act

1673

those who refused to receive the Eucharist of the Church of England could not vote, assemble meetings, or go to a university

James II suceeds Charles

1685 - 1688

Glorious Revolution

1688 - 1689

They were able to replace one king with another without much bloodshed. This revolution established the fact the sovereignty was split between the king and Parliament.

James II and his queen flee to France

1688

William and Mary are crowned king and queen of England

1689

Bill Of Rights created

1689

This was created in response to Stuart's idea of an absolute monarchy. This in turn created a constitutional monarchy.