Constitutionalism in England


James Staurt (James I) Succeeds Elizabeth

1603 - 1625

Was a Scottish King- cousin of Elizabeth.

Charles I Succeeds James I

1625 - 1649

Charles dissolves Parliament


Has to now resort to "ship money" in order to financially support the production of ships.

James supports Laud


Even though he is sympathetic towards the Puritans (who wanted to purify the Church) he gave the impression of supporting Roman Catholicism by supporting Laud

Laud attempts to impose two new element in Church organization


Wants a new prayer book and the addition of bishoprics

"Long Parliament"

1640 - 1660

It proceeded to enact legislation that limited the power of the monarch and made arbitrary government impossible

King Charles summons Parliament


the Commons passes the Triennial Act


Compels the king to summon Parliament every three years.

English Civil War begins


Tested loyalty: king or Parliament?

Cromwell crushes a rebellion at Drogheda in Ireland


He uses savagery and leaves a hatred for the English in Ireland

Commonwealth, or republican government proclaimed



1649 - 1660

The period in between two monarchical periods.

English Civil War ends


Kings Charles was executed in turn for treason

Cromwell enforces Navigation Act


Requires English goods to be transported by English ships

Instrument of Government


A new constitution created by the army; it invested executive power in Cromwell and a council of state.

Cromwell rules- "protectorate" but really military dictatorship

1653 - 1658

Cromwell dies- miliary government collapses


Restoration of monarchy under Charles II

1660 - 1685

Charles enters an agreement with Louis XIV


Agrees to relax laws on Catholics for 200,000 pounds annually.

Test Act


those who refused to receive the Eucharist of the Church of England could not vote, assemble meetings, or go to a university

James II suceeds Charles

1685 - 1688

Glorious Revolution

1688 - 1689

They were able to replace one king with another without much bloodshed. This revolution established the fact the sovereignty was split between the king and Parliament.

James II and his queen flee to France


Bill Of Rights created


This was created in response to Stuart's idea of an absolute monarchy. This in turn created a constitutional monarchy.

William and Mary are crowned king and queen of England