World War II

World War II

France and Britain Declare War on Germany

September 3, 1939

Miracle at Dunkirk

27 May 1940

France Surrenders to Germany

22 June 1940

The Blitz over London

7 September 1940 - 10 May 1941

Lend-Lease Act

March 11, 1941

The Lend-Lease act was passed by Congress on this day and allowed the sale or lease of weapons and supplies to any country that was struggling against the Axis powers, provided the President deems it vital to the US defense. This officially eliminated any neutrality that the US had shown earlier in the war. Additionally, it allowed the US to react faster to the Japanese bombing of Pearl Harbor because they were already building up their defense.

Hitler Declares "Final Solution of the Jewish Problem"

22 June 1941

Operation Barbarossa

June 22 1941 - Dec 5 1941

Churchill and Roosevelt meet secretly (Atlantic Charter)

9 August 1941

Siege of Leningrad

8 September 1941 - 27 January 1944

Japan Attacks Pearl Harbor

December 7, 1941

The Japanese bombing of Pearl Harbor was unexpected due to the US not having declared war on any country. However, this event immediately entered the US into war, not only with Japan, but into the European war. Additionally, it led to Executive Order 9066, or the relocation of Japanese-Americans to internment camps. Overall, the attack on Pearl Harbor led to the US fighting World War II on an additional front; the one in the Pacific.

Bataan Death March

April 9 1942

Battle of Coral Sea

May 4, 1942 - May 8, 1942

Battle of Midway

June 4, 1942 - June 7, 1942

The Battle of Midway, lasting 4 days from June 4th to June 7th, was a decisive naval win for the US near the Midway Atoll in the Pacific. US Navy Admirals Chester Nimitz, Frank Jack Fletcher, and Raymond A. Spruance led the attack that damaged the Japanese naval fleet beyond repair, turning the tide in the Pacific Theater of the war.

German Forces defeat the British in North Africa

Approx. 21 June 1942

Battle of El Alamein (Allies Victorious)

October 23, 1942 - November 5, 1942

Germans surrender at Stalingrad

February 2 1943

Allies Invade Italy

September 3 1943

D-Day

June 6 1944

The D-Day Invasion of the Normandy beaches allowed the Allied Powers to get a foothold in the Axis dominated France. US General Dwight D. Eisenhower oversaw the invasion, named Operation Overload. This invasion allowed the Allied Powers to land more troops on the ground in France, making it easier to push back on Germany.

Allies take back Paris

August 25 1944

Battle of the Bulge

16 December 1944 - 25 January 1945

V-E Day

May 8, 1945

First successful test of Atomic Bomb

July 16 1945

The First successful test of the Atomic Bomb, part of the Manhattan Project, took place in Alamogordo, New Mexico. Robert J. Oppenheimer directed the project at its facility in New Mexico and was one of the first people to watch the bomb detonate. The bomb was originally intended for use on the Germans, but was then used as a threat to the Japanese. When the Japanese did not surrender, it was used. Additionally, President Truman took a firmer stance against Stalin when discussing post war Europe, and soon afterwards, in 1949, the Soviet Union had developed their own atomic bomb, and the Cold War began.

Bomb dropped on Hiroshima

August 6 1945

Atomic Bomb dropped on Nagasaki

August 9 1945

V-J Day

September 2, 1945

The formal Japanese surrender to the US on September 2nd represents the official end of World War II. The ceremony took place in Tokyo Bay, Japan, aboard the battleship USS Missouri, and was signed by representatives of the Japanese empire, as well as many representatives of the Allied powers including Fleet Admiral Chester Nimitz for the United States.

Peace Treaty is signed with Japan

April 28 1952