French Revolution

Events

Robespierre

1758 - 1794

Opposition to war with Austria (1792): he said that the stability of the country was more important, the force wasn’t a proper way to stop the Revolution.

Abolition of slavery (1791): he argued in the National Assembly that black people must have the same rights, he argued for the slavery trade.

Execution of Louis XVI (1793): he delivered a speech that demonstrate Louis’s trial, he argued for the death penalty for Louis.

Louis XVI

1774 - 1792

Edict of Tolerance (7 November, 1787): Let non-Roman Catholics (Huguenots, Lutherans and Jews) a civil status and the legal right to practice their faiths.

Convoke of the the Estates-General (1789): propose solutions to France’s financial problems, it ended rising taxes.

Executed by treason (1793): he tried to escape to Varennes having 33 charges.

The Declaration of the Rights of Men

1789

Freedom of speech

Popular sovereignty: social equality

Approved in the National Assembly that the Third Estate convoked.

The March of Versailles

1789

Women in marketplaces searching for bread and food (5 October)

Attack on the palace: they wanted to kill the queen, women entered to the palace killing guards to find the queen.

End of the Monarchy of Versailles: Louis became “prisoner” of the Third Estate until his execution.

The Tennis Court Oath

1789

Abolition of feudalism: abolish the seigneurial rights from the Second Estate and the tithes gathered by the First Estate.

National Assembly: a revolutionary assembly.

New constitution: Liberty, Equality & Fraternity (Liberté, Egalité et Fraternité).

The Austrian War

1792

Threatened by the foreign monarchs: interfere in the behalf of Louis.

Girodins: they wanted war to spread the revolution across Europe.

Louis XVI: he wanted war to change the dynamics of the Revolution in his favour.

The Directory

1795 - 1799

Five-member committee.

Constantly war with foreign coalitions.

Executions stopped, Jacobin political club was closed and royalists were relaxed, food supplies were regulated.