French Revolution



1758 - 1794

Opposition to war with Austria (1792): he said that the stability of the country was more important, the force wasn’t a proper way to stop the Revolution.

Abolition of slavery (1791): he argued in the National Assembly that black people must have the same rights, he argued for the slavery trade.

Execution of Louis XVI (1793): he delivered a speech that demonstrate Louis’s trial, he argued for the death penalty for Louis.

Louis XVI

1774 - 1792

Edict of Tolerance (7 November, 1787): Let non-Roman Catholics (Huguenots, Lutherans and Jews) a civil status and the legal right to practice their faiths.

Convoke of the the Estates-General (1789): propose solutions to France’s financial problems, it ended rising taxes.

Executed by treason (1793): he tried to escape to Varennes having 33 charges.

The Declaration of the Rights of Men


Freedom of speech

Popular sovereignty: social equality

Approved in the National Assembly that the Third Estate convoked.

The March of Versailles


Women in marketplaces searching for bread and food (5 October)

Attack on the palace: they wanted to kill the queen, women entered to the palace killing guards to find the queen.

End of the Monarchy of Versailles: Louis became “prisoner” of the Third Estate until his execution.

The Tennis Court Oath


Abolition of feudalism: abolish the seigneurial rights from the Second Estate and the tithes gathered by the First Estate.

National Assembly: a revolutionary assembly.

New constitution: Liberty, Equality & Fraternity (Liberté, Egalité et Fraternité).

The Austrian War


Threatened by the foreign monarchs: interfere in the behalf of Louis.

Girodins: they wanted war to spread the revolution across Europe.

Louis XVI: he wanted war to change the dynamics of the Revolution in his favour.

The Directory

1795 - 1799

Five-member committee.

Constantly war with foreign coalitions.

Executions stopped, Jacobin political club was closed and royalists were relaxed, food supplies were regulated.