Cold War Timeline- 2nd Period

Made by: Alannah James

Events

Joseph Stalin

1924 - 1953

Dictator of the Soviet Union

Cold War

1947 - 1991

doesn’t include actual war, but includes mass tension.

Berlin Airlift

1948 - 1949

The United States, Britain, and Soviet military forces divided and occupied Germany.

Berlin Blockade

June 1948 - May 1949

The Blockade was one of the first major international crises of the Cold

Mao Zedong (Communist) takeover China

1949

China’s communist party prevailed against the nationalists and assumed power

USSR develops atomic bomb

1949

Created in the “nuclear race”

Korean War

1950 - 1953

Began with North Korea invading South Korea.

Nikita Khrushchev

1953 - 1964

First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union

Vietnam War

1955 - 1975

Occurred between North Vietnam and their southern allies versus South Vietnam and their northern allies.

U2 Spy Plane incident

1956

The purpose of the plane was to give the United States detailed looks at the Soviet’s military facilities

Launch of Sputnik

1957

The first artificial satellite launched by the Soviet Union

John F. Kennedy

1961 - 1963

in the battle to win the ongoing Cold War against communism around the world.

Berlin Wall

1961 - 1989

A concrete barrier that physically and ideologically divided Berlin that is a significant symbol of the Cold War and the destruction of it sgnified the end of the Cold War

Cuban Missile Crisis

1962

This was a 13-day confrontation between the United States and the Soviet Union.

Richard Nixon

1969 - 1974

As president, Nixon’s achievements included forging diplomatic ties with China and the Soviet Union, and withdrawing U.S. troops from an unpopular war in Vietnam.

Apollo 11 lands on moon

1969

First manned lunar landing

SALT 1

1972 - 1979

First agreement signed by the United States and the USSR

Soviets invade Afghanistan

1979

Insurgent groups known as the mujahideen fought against the Soviet Army and the Democratic Republic of Afghanistan.

Ronald Reagan

1981 - 1989

He cut taxes, increased defense spending, negotiated a nuclear arms reduction agreement with the Soviets and is credited with helping to bring a quicker end to the Cold War.

Mikhail Gorbachev

1985 - 1991

The final leader of the Soviet Union

Chernobyl disaster

1986

Nuclear accident

George H.W. Bush

1989 - 1993

He also was a two-term U.S. vice president under Ronald Reagan, from 1981 to 1989.

Fall of Soviet Union

1990 - 1991

Fell due to the great number of radical reforms that Soviet president had implemented.