Physical Education

Main

Events

Physical Education in America

1800 - Present

Battle of Systems

1855 - 1890

John Dewey challenged the traditional education system

1890

Thomas Wood

1893

The New Physical Education was published

1927

Pearl Harbor

1941

Steady growth of physical education in schools

1950

Effects

Effects on Battle of Systems

1855 - 1890

-Determining which system could provide the best physical education program
-(American, Swedish, German, or English)
-PE finally offered in public schools
-Catherine Beecher, Dio Lewis, Edward Hitchcock, and Dudley Allen Sargent, were the early leaders in physical education
-several debates

Effects of John Dewey

1890

-This led to the expansion of the "three R's"
-several normal schools (training schools for physical education teachers) were established
-these schools offered a strong background in sciences
-he emphasized the need to learn by doing
-"hands-on" approach

Effects of Thomas Wood

1895

-States that physical education is not just about the education of the physical nature, but so that it helps the life of the individual
-Writes The New Physical Educaiton

Effects of The New Physical Education

1927

-By Thomas Wood and Rosalind Cassidy
-This supported that physical education actually helps children
-Charles McCloy argued against physical education though
-new physical education movement makes kids smarter
-more enjoyable

Effects of Pearl Harbor

1950

-Physical education games shifted into physical conditioning
-physical fitness was required of soldiers
-schools instituted more rigorous physical education requirements
-greater interest in the teaching of physical education
-By 1950, there were over 400 United States colleges and universities offering majors in physical education