Church History by Tommy Cloran

Saints and Doctors of the Church

You will not find St. Brigid of KIldare's canonization date because she was pre-congregational.

St. Augustine of Hippo was also pre-congregational

St. Athanasius life

296 AD - 373 AD

St. Athanasius is a doctor of the church. He is the patron saint of Theologians, faithful Orthodox and Roman Catholic Christians. Athanasius also has the title of "the Great" which increases his importance in the Catholic Church. He also used to be a Bishop in the 3rd century.

St. Ambrose life

339 AD - 397 AD

St. Ambrose was a very holy liver. He is the patron saint of beekeepers, beggars, learners, and Milan, Italy. Ambrose was bishop of Milan and a very important theologian in the 4th century. St. Ambrose is one of the four original doctors of the church so he is recognized for that.

St. Augustine of Hippo life

354 AD - 430 AD

St. Augustine of Hippo had a great conversion from bad living. He is worldly known for being a Doctor of the church. But he is on this timeline because he is my Confirmation saint. He never intended to become a priest but was forced and then become a bishop. He is also greatly known for being an author and writing famous Christian books.

St. Brigid or Kildare life

450 AD - 525 AD

St. Brigid of Kildare's feast day is on February 1st. She is the patron saint of Ireland, dairymaids, cattle, midwives, Irish Nuns, newborn babies, and also... our school! St. Brigid of Kildare lived a very holy of sharing and miracles. She is a great role model especially for women because she stood up to her father and against slavery.

St. Thomas Aquinas life

1226 AD - 1274 AD

Thomas Aquinas is a very important Saint and Doctor of the Church. We have studied Thomas Aquinas' work very much. Thomas Aquinas wrote a book called the Summa Theologica in which is all about the soul. Thomas Aquinas is the patron saint of students and all universities so that makes him even more important to us as students.

St. John Nuemann life

March 28th, 1811 - January 5th, 1860

St. John Nuemann is an American saint. John Nuemann became an American because everywhere in Europe was already stacked up with priests. So the bishop of New York ordained him. John became Bishop of Philadelphia in 1852. He was the first to organize a Catholic school diocesan system. That is special to us because we have our own diocese we are in.

St. Frances Xavier Cabrini life

July 15th, 1850 - December 22nd, 1917

Frances Xavier Cabrini was born in Italy. She is the patron saint of Immigrants, and hospital administrators. Frances was a teacher in her life and that is significant because of the teachers us students have. Frances was also a religious teacher which connects even more.

Church Councils

Council of Nicaea

325 AD

The Council of Nicaea is the first ecumenical council of the Church. The Council was brought together by Emperor Constantine. 300 bishops and Constantine had to decide on a statement defining who Jesus Christ. The result was the Nicene Creed and we still say that in every mass.

Council of Constantinople

381 AD

The Council of Constantinople was summoned by Theodosius I. This council rejected the teachings of the Macedonians, who denied the divinity of the Holy Spirit. This council stated that the Holy Spirit is consubstantial with the Father and the Son.

Council of Ephesus

431 AD

A council called by the Roman Emperor Theodosius II. This council happened in Ephesus, Turkey. This council condemned the Nestorians, who said that there were two separate persons in Christ. This is incorrect, since Jesus is one divine person with two natures: a divine nature and a human nature. The council also declared Mary as the Mother of God.

Council of Chalcedon

451 AD

The fourth great ecumencial council was held in Chalcedon, Turkey. This council condemned Monophysitism, which said that Jesus has only one nature which is a combination of His divine nature and his human nature.

Council of Trent

1545 AD - 1563 AD

Thirty bishops met at the Council of Trent. They defined key doctrines of the church: the necessity of both scripture and tradition, the importance of good workers aided by grace, the seven sacraments, the hierarchial church, the divine institution of the priesthood, transubstantiation, and the sacrificial character of the mass. The Council of Trent sparked the Counter Reformation, led by saints like Ignatius of Loyola, who founded the Jesuits.

First Vatican Council

1869 AD - 1870 AD

The First Vatican Council strengthened the authority of the Pope. It also spurred a great renewal of the Church. Catholicism became a world force to be reckoned with.

Second Vatican Council

1962 AD - 1965 AD

Pope John XXIII said the purpose of the Second Vatican Council was an updating of the church's response to the needs of the world. The most spectacular reform of Vatican II was in the area of liturgy. The bishops called on the Church to advance the dignity of humans.

Events

Jesus' Ascension and Resurrection

33 AD

Jesus was crucified on the cross then put in a tomb. The next day Jesus Ascended from the tomb to Heaven. 3 days later he resurrected from the dead and came back to Earth. This all happened in a span of 3 days.

Pentecost

33 AD

Pentecost happened 50 days after Jesus' Resurrection. Pentecost is when the Apostles and some disciples were in hiding from Roman authorities and the Holy Spirit came down on them in tongues of fire and gave them courage and skills that helped them through this time.

Edict of Milan

313 AD

The Edict of Milan was a proclamation that allowed Christianity in the Roman Empire. This was the outcome of a meeting between the Roman emperors, Constantine I, and Licinius.

The Great Schism

1378 - 1417

The Great Schism was an event that divided Christianity into Roman Catholicism and Eastern Orthodoxy. The Patriarch and Pope both excommunicated each other because they disputed over who had authority to the land.

Protestant Reformation

1517 - 1648

A schism lead by a man named Martin Luther. Martin Luther created his "95 Theses" and that's what led this big spark. The Pope excommunicated him and he started his own religion and took lots of Catholic followers with him. His new religion is called the Protestant religion. The followers are called "Protestants".

Papacy of John Paul II

1978 - 2005

John Paul II was born in Wadowice, Poland. He was pope for 27 years. He is well known for his travels. He traveled to countries that hadn't been visited by the Pope in years and he loved to travel there.

Papacy of Pope Francis

March 13, 2013 - Present

Pope Francis officially became Pope of the Catholic Church on March 13, 2013. He has been Pope for a little over 4 years. Pope Francis is a very worldly liked Pope and visited the United States last year.