At Pentecost, the Holy Spirit descended upon the 12 Apostles. The Holy Spirit came upon them as flames. The Apostles were able to figure out what the Spirit proclaimed. Because of this over 300 people were baptized that day and they marked the first Catholics.
Jesus was arrested and held the Last Supper on Holy Thursday. He was then sentenced to death on Good Friday. He also dies on this day. Holy Saturday is a day of reflection and waiting for the good news. Easter Sunday, Mary Magdalene discovers that Jesus had risen into heaven. His disciples soon discover that he has resurrected from the dead and will always watch over them.
The Great Schism was the split between the Eastern and Western Christian Churches. This split caused the modern day Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox churches to form. Caused lines to be placed down politically and geographically.
The protestant reformation occurred in northern Europe where reformers like Martin Luther questioned papal authority and the Catholic church's lack of defining of Christian practice. They were able to quickly spread their ideas through things like printing presses that allowed for their ideas to be read all over.
John Paul was canonized as a saint on April 27th, 2014 at St. Peter's Square, Vatican City. He is also the co-patron of World Youth Day. He has also written 14 encyclicals, 11 apostolic constitutions, 42 apostolic letters and 13 apostolic exhortations and published three novels.
Pope Francis was born in 1936 in Argentina. He is the first Latin American and Jesuit to be elected as Pope. He is the 266th pope to lead the church. His work deals a lot with social justice.
Saint Brigid of Kildare was born in Ireland in the year 450 A.D. and died in Ireland in the year of 525 A.D. She is the patroness of Ireland. She is also the patron saint of milkmaids, cattle, and new born babies.
St. Thomas Aquinas is a Doctor of the Church for his great writings that can be used in any age of the church. He wrote the Summa Theologica which is one of his most famous pieces. He is the patron saint of students and all universities. His feast day is on January 28th.
Francis was someone who never lost his passion for God. During the Reformation, he led 60,000 Calvinists back to the Catholic Church. He is the patron saint of the deaf, the Catholic press, journalists and adult education. We celebrate his feast day on January, 24th.
Joseph of Cupertino was born in Italy in 1603. He is the patron saint of aviators, flying, studying, and those who are mentally handicaped. He is known for his great levitations that have been recorded at least 60 times.
He grew up going on retreats with his father. He soon wanted to have a degree in law which he received as a teenager. But in 1723, he had a vision and was told to fully consecrate his life to God. He later became a priest. His feast day is on August 1st.
St. Joseph of Cupertino was Beatified by Pope Benedict XIV in 1753. This is the second to last part of the Canonization process.
St. Joseph of Cupertino was canonized by Pope Clement XIII in 1767. This means that this was the year that he was officially a Saint in the Catholic Church.
Mother Ann Seton was the first U.S. born Saint to be canonized. We celebrate her feast day on January, 4th. As a nun, she was the co-founder of the Catholic school system in the United States.
She was a wealthy heiress from Philadelphia who gave away all her wealth to care for poor Native Americans. She also founded Catholic schools and a university. She was canonized in 2000 and her feast day is celebrated on March 3rd.
Constantine had a vision of Christ, who told him to ornament the shields of his soldiers with Christ's monogram. He later met with the emperor of the eastern half of the empire at Milan. The agreement lead to Christianity becoming the favored religion under Constantine.
The Council of Nicaea was held in Nicaea, which is in the present-day Turkey. The council issued the Nicene Creed. It also rejected the teachings of Arius. The council was attended by 318 bishops, and Emperor Constantine.
The second ecumenical council was held in Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey). This council rejected the teachings of the Macedonians, who denied the divinity of the Holy Spirit. This council also stated that the Holy Spirit is consubstantial with the Father and the Son.
The council's main concern was the doctrine Nestorianism and it denounced Pelagianism and strengthened the Nicene Creed. Nestorius was teaching that divine and human natures were seperate.
The fourth great ecumenical council was held in Chalcedon (Turkey). This council condemned Monophysitism, which said that Jesus has only one nature which is a combination of His divine nature and His human nature.
The council key doctrines of the Church: the necessity of both scripture and tradition, the importance of good works aided by grace, the seven sacraments, transubstantiation, the sacrificial character of the mass and a few others. Papal authority was also reinforced.
Vatican I enhanced the potential for papal ministry in the Church. It also spurred an internal spiritual renewal of the Church. Mass attendance was most likely the highest in history. Thousands entered seminaries, convents and ministries. Catholicism became a world force to be reckoned with.
The purpose was to update the church to the contemporary needs of the modern world. The Fathers summoned the whole Church to dialogue with the whole world to advance the dignity of human beings, The people of God should also demonstrate how the church's mission of salvation speaks to and assures this dignity for each human being.