Church History Rachel Hare

Events

Jesus

Jesus' Resurrection

Approx. 33 AD

Jesus died on the cross for us. Forty days after He died, He rose again. When He rose again is what catholics call the Ascension

Jesus' Ascension

Approx. 33 AD

Jesus was able to defeat death and open heaven to everyone when he died and then rose again. The Ascension was when Jesus went up to heaven to be with his Father.

Saints

Saint Brigid of Kildare

451 AD - 525 AD

St. Brigid of Kildare is the patroness of our school. She is the patronages include Ireland, dairymaids, cattle, midwives, Irish nuns, and newborn babies. She always strived to put others before herself. One example of how she did this was when she went to milk the cows and churn butter but she ended up giving it all to the poor, which caused father to be furious with her.

Saint Gregory the Great

Approx. 540 - 604

Saint Gregory the Great was pope between 590-604 AD. The exact date of his birth has not been discovered yet. He came from a wealthy family and was well educated. He is famous for the emphasis he put on missionary work. He also changed parts of the mass and we still use them today. He is the patron saint of musicians, sings, students, and teachers.

St. Hildegard of Bingen

September 16, 1098 - September 17, 1179

St. Hildegard of Bingen was born in Bockelheim, Germany. She wrote music and poems. She wrote three books for theology and others for subjects that vary. She was an abbess, artist, author, composer, pharmacist, preacher, and so many more. She had 36 visions and truly lived a life of faith. She was also a doctor of the church.

Saint Thomas Aquinas

1226 - March 7, 1274

St. Thomas Aquinas is a doctor of the church. He began his education at the age of 5. He decided to join the Dominican Order but once his family found out, on his way to Rome his brothers kidnapped him and brought him back. They held him captive for one year, but he still had managed to keep in touch with the Dominican Order. His mother in the end helped him escape threw a window. He taught lots of people and truly lived out his faith. He is the proton saint of students and all universities.

Saint Elizabeth Ann Seton

1774 - 1821

St. Elizabeth Ann Seton was the first American born saint. She was a mother, widow, a religious sister and helped created the first catholic school system.

Saint Bishop John Neumann

1811 - 1860

Saint Bishop John Neumann was a priest and bishop in Philadelphia. He was an immigrant from Europe. He was also the founder of the U.S. Diocesan cathoic School System. His feast day is January 5.

Saint Pope John Paul II the Great

May 18, 1920 - April 2, 2005

Pope John Paul II received his first holy communion at the age of 9 and was confirmed at the age of 18. He was a professor of moral philosophy and social ethics in a seminary at a time. When he was bishop he visited 301 out of the 334 parishes. He canonized 469 saints during his time as bishop. He is the patron saint of World Youth Day.

Papacy

Papacy of St. Pope John Paul II the Great

1978 - 2005

St. Pope John Paul II was pope from 1978-2005. He visited 129 countries during his time as pope. His canonization date is Divine Mercy Sunday because of how much he loved the divine mercy devotions. He began to develop a nervous system disorder that caused him much pain but he would push it aside to be a spiritual leader for all. He later died on April 2, 2005 but will always be remembered as a great pope.

Papacy of Pope Francis

March 13, 2013 - Present

Pope Francis was elected pope March 13, 2013 and continues to be to this day. He was born in Argentina, and is the first pope to take the name Francis. He is able to speak many languages including english. Pope Francis has proven to be a wonderful role model in the catholic faith for all.

Council's

Council of Nicaea

325 AD

The Council of Nicaea was the first ecumenical council. 318 bishops attended and also Emperor Constantine. The council rejected the teaching of Arius, that stated Jesus was not fully divine. This council clarified the teachings of the church and also issued the Nicene Creed.

Council of Constantinople

381 AD

The Council of Constantinople was the second ecumenical council. This council rejected the teachings of the Macedonians (who denied the divinity of the Holy Spirit) and stated that the Holy Spirit is consubstantial with the Father and the Son.

Council of Ephesus

431 AD

The Council of Ephesus was the third ecumenical council. The council condemned the Nestoriansn (said that there were two seperate persons in the incarnate) and the Pelagians (declared we could achieve perfection without God's grace), it also declared that Mary is the Mother of God.

Council of Chalcedon

451 AD

The Council of Chalcedon was the fourth ecumencial council. The council condemned Monophysitism. Monophysitism stated Jesus has only one nature (a combination of His human and divine).

Council of Trent

1545 AD - 1563 AD

The Council of Trent was the nineteenth ecumencial council. This council focused on clarifying the doctorines created by protestants and filling the church with more life.

First Vatican Council

1869 AD - 1870 AD

The First Vatican Council was the twentieth council. This council was called by Pope Pius IX for the problems of rationalism, liberalism, and materialism. The council also made known two doctorines. One included faith and reason while the other dealed with the authority of the pope.

Second Vatican Council

1962 AD - 1965 AD

The Second Vatican Council was the twenty-first ecumenical council. This council was called by Pope John XXIII. One of the main purposes of this council was to try to meet the pastoral needs of the churches. All the catholic bishops attended and also observers from Christian churches came as well to observe.

Mary

Mary's Life

Approx. September 8, 14 BC - Approx. August 15, 33 AD

Mary truly had an amazing faith and was born without sin. She was visited by an angel and said yes to being the mother of Jesus Christ. She is everyone's mother no matter what and she helps us even now on our faith journey.

Major Events

Pentecost

Approx. 33 AD

At Pentecost the Holy Spirit came to the Apostles and gave them the courage to go out and spread the good news of Jesus. They were able to speak everyone's native language and were no longer afraid.

Edict of Milan

313 AD

The Edict of Milan established tolerance for the Christianity in the Roman Empire. It granted everyone the freedom to worship whatever faith they wanted.

Great Schism

1054

This event caused the event of the Eastern Church and the Western Church splitting. The east and the west continued to disagree. The east was rooted around Greek philosophy while the west was based on Roman Law. The Schism was never truly resolved.

Protestant Reformation

1517 - 1648

The reformation was aimed to reform the beliefs and practices of the catholic church. Lots of power hungry political leaders wanted to take control over the church. A religion that came out of the reformation was Lutheranism because Martin Luther couldn't grasp that you could be forgiven for your sins. He thought salvation was just being handed out.