The first council was held in Nicaea, which is in present day Turkey. Emperor Constantine and 318 bishops attended this council. During this council they issued the Nicene Creed, and clarified that Jesus is one fully human and divine person of the Trinity.
This council was held in Constantinople, which is in present day Istanbul, Turkey. This council addressed the issue of the Macedonians who questioned the divinity of the Holy Spirit. At the end they ruled that the Holy Spirit is indeed consubstantiatial with God the Father and the Son.
This council was held in Ephesus. Which is also in Turkey. This council addressed three different issues. The first included the Nestorians, who said that there were two separate Persons in the incarnate Christ. The council said that this was incorrect, because Jesus is one divine Peron with two different natures. The other problem was with the Pelagians who said that we as humans can achieve perfection without God's grace. They also declared this untrue. Finally the Council declared Mary as the Mother of God.
This council was held in Chalcedon. This council addressed the Monophsitism, who said that Jesus has one nature, which is a combination of his Divine and human nature.
The council of Trent defined key doctrines of the church; the necessity of both Scripture and Tradition, the importance of good works aided by grace, the seven sacraments, the hierarchical church, the divine institution of the priesthood transubstantiation, and the sacrificial character of the Mass.
The First Vatican Council strengthened the authority of the Pope. It also spurred a great spiritual renewal of the Church. Catholicism became a world force to be reckoned with
Pope John XXIII said the purpose of the Second Vatican Council was an updating of the Church's response to the needs of the world. The most spectacular reform of Vatican II was in the area of the liturgy. the bishops called on the Church to advance the dignity of humans.
Saint Ambrose is the Patron Saint of beekeepers, beggars, learners, and Milan
. Ambrose authored many of the Church's important writings and hymns. He is credited with composing the repertory Ambrosian chant, also known as the Antiphonal Chant. He is also credited with composing the hymn "Te Deum," which is believed to have been written when he baptized Augustine of Hippo.
Saint Brigid was born in Ireland in 450 AD. She is the patron Saint of milkmaids/dairy workers, Ireland, Saint Brigid School and Parish, education, poets, artists, mothers, children, and writers. During her life Saint Brigid preformed many generous deeds by giving all she had for the Church. She also, helped establish a Church and Monastery in Ireland.
Saint Thomas Aquinas was a philosopher and a theologian. He was born in Roccasecca Italy, he brought together the theological parts of faith, with the philosophical parts of science. He was a writer and published many books. He was known as a Universal teacher, and Christian Apostle.
Saint Teresa of Avila is the patron saint of headaches, and Spanish Catholic Writers. She founded the Discalced Carmlites. She was declared a Doctor of the Church in 1970 for her writing on prayer. She was on of two women to be give this title.
Saint Mother Elizabeth Ann Seton was born in 1774 in the United States. She died in 1812 and was canonized in 1975. She was the first American born Saint to be canonized and her feast day is January 4. Elizabeth was the mother of five and a widow. She converted to Catholicism, and became a nun. she became the head of the order of nuns and was the Co-founder of the Catholic School system.
Saint Katharine Drexel was born in 1858 in the United States. She died in 1955 and was canonized in 2000. Her feast day is March 3, and she opened many schools. American Saints. She was a wealthy heiress from Philadelphia, she gave away all of her money to care for the poor.
Saint Gemma Galgani was born in Lucca, Italy on March 12, 1878, and died on April 11, 1903, which is also her feast day. She is the patron saint of students, pharmacists, paratroopers, parachutists, loos of parents, back pain/injury, headaches, and temptations, she received the stigmata in her hands, feet, and sides, along with trauma on her head from the crown of thorns, and bruises on her back and shoulders from where Jesus carried the cross.
Saint Gemma Galgani was beatified on May 14, 1933 by Pope Pius XII
Saint Gemma Galgani was canonized on May 2, 1940 by Pope Pius XII
Saint Pope John Paul II was born on May 18, 1920 in Poland. When he became Pope he was the first non-Italian pope in more than 400 years. During his papacy he was a vocal leader for human rights, and his used his power to influence and effect politics.
Pope Francis was elected the 266th pope on March 12, 2013, he was the first Pope from the Americas. During his time as Pope he has done many things including, telling members of the Pontifical Academy of Sciences that he supported scientific theories of the Big Bang and evolution. He has continued his pattern of deep participation with both political and environmental conflicts around the world to present day.
In 33 AD Jesus Christ Resurrected and Ascended into Heaven. When Jesus Resurrected and Ascended his soul was reunited with his body and he was lifted up into Heaven.
Jesus' promise to the apostles to send them a Helper which would be fulfilled on Pentecost, when the spirit was sent to sanctify the Church forever. Pentecost marks the birthday of the Church. The Acts of the Apostles offer the first account of the Spirit's activity in the Church. The Holy Spirit is continually at work in the Church.
In February Emperor Constantine and Licinius made an agreement of religious tolerance of the Catholic Church.
The Great Schism is when the Roman Catholic Church split into an Eastern and Western Church.
The Protestant Reformation is when Martin Luther broke away from the Catholic Church, and created his own Church. He thought there were many things wrong with the Catholic Church at the time, and decided to make his own Church.