Catholic Church History

Events

Pentecost

33 AD

This is the date when Jesus sent the Holy Spirit down the the Apostles as tongues on flame. This is seen as the first Confirmation and the birthday of the Church.

Jesus' Resurrection and Ascension

Approx. 33 AD

This is the date that Jesus Christ defied death by Resurrecting. Forty days later, He ascended into Heaven.

Edict of Milan

313 AD

The Edict of Milan finally established religious tolerance for the Church in the Roman Empire. It was the ending decision of Roman Emperors, Constantine I, and Licinius.

The Great Schism

1054 AD

The Great Schism was the separation between the Roman and Byzantine Catholic branches. The branches excommunicated each other's officials, make the break final.

Protestant Reformation

1517 AD - 1648

The Protestant Reformation was a major 16th century European movement of transforming the Catholic Church's beliefs. It was a time when political leader's view clashed with the Church, so they took action. In result, the Church became even more divided.

The Papacy of Pope Francis

March 13th, 2013 - Present

Pope Francis became pope after Benedict XVI. Pope Francis is from Buenos Aires, Argentina, and is 80 years old.

Saints and Doctors of the Church

The Life of Saint Brigid

451 AD - 523 AD

This is the life of Saint Brigid of Kildare, our school patroness. She was born in Ireland, and some of her patronages include education, the Irish, and milkmaids.

The Life of Saint Hildegard of Bingen

September 16th, 1098 - September 17th, 1179

This is the life of Saint Hildegard of Bingen, a Doctor of the Church. She wrote three books about theology, studied medicine, and was a Benedictine nun.

The Life of St. Thomas Aquinas

1225 AD - March 7th, 1274

This is the life of Saint Thomas Aquinas, one of the most popular Doctors of the Church. He was an Italian Dominican friar and Catholic priest. His teachings are still very famous to this day.

The Life of Saint Teresa of Avila

March 28th, 1515 - October 4th, 1582

This is the life of Saint Teresa of Avila, a Doctor of the Church. She is a Catholic nun and author, as well as a Spanish mystic. She is also called Saint Teresa of Jesus.

The Life of St. Elizabeth Ann Seton

August 28th, 1774 - January 4th, 1821

This is the life of Saint Elizabeth Ann Seton, an American saint. After being widowed with five children, she became a nun. She was the first American-born saint to be canonized.

The Life of Saint Katharine Drexel

November 26th, 1858 - March 3rd, 1955

This is the life of Saint Katharine Drexel, a millionaire who gave her riches to the poor and her life to service. She founded many schools and was also a philanthropist.

The Life of Padre Pio

May 25th, 1887 - September 23rd, 1968

This is the life of Saint Padre Pio, a Capuchin friar who lived in the 1900's. He was a stigmatist, as well as a mystic, mind-reader, and priest. He could see angels, and was said to have had physical fights with the devil.

The Papacy of Saint Pope John Paul II the Great

October 16th, 1978 - April 2nd, 2005

This is the Papacy of Saint Pope John Paul II the Great. He is from Wadowice, Poland, and played the main role in taking down communism in Eastern Europe. He is an extremely famous saint, also known for his devotion to Mary after she saved his life during an assassination attempt.

Padre Pio's Canonization Date

June 16th, 2002

On this day, Padre Pio became recognized as a saint in the Catholic Church. He was canonized in Saint Peter's Square, Vatican City by (Saint) Pope John Paul II the Great. Padre Pio's feast day is September 23rd.

Church Councils

Council of Nicaea

Approx. 325 AD

An Egyptian pastor named Arius was preaching the belief that Jesus was more than human but less than God. The Council of Nicaea was called to address this concept. Although it settled little, it did bring forth the Nicene Creed. This issue is studied throughout multiple future councils.

Council of Constantinople

381 AD

Not only was the Nicene Creed edited in the Council of Constantinople, but Saint Gregory Nazianzen was declared bishop of Constantinople. The recordings of the decisions made at this council have mostly disappeared, but a few of them remain.

Council of Ephesus

431 AD

One of the main reasons this council was called was to determine the fate of the former bishop of Constantinople, Nestorius. He was up for excommunication and to be deposed. He claimed that Jesus was two persons instead of one person with human and divine natures. The council sided against him in the end.

Council of Chalcedon

451 AD

This is the largest and best documented of the early Councils. It was called to refute the heresy of the Eutyches and Monophysites, which was that Christ did not have a human nature or essence. The council sided with the belief that Jesus has both a human and a divine nature.

Council of Trent

1545 AD - 1563 AD

This is one of the Church's most important ecumenical councils, and is seen as the embodiment of the Reformation. It reaffirmed traditional Catholic teachings, and declared the Church to be opposed to Protestant beliefs.

First Vatican Council

1869 AD - 1870 AD

Although mostly remembered for declaring papal infallibility, this council also refuted several different modern ideas about changing Catholicism, materialism, and liberalism. It was convened by Pope Pius IX.

Second Vatican Council

1962 AD - 1965 AD

This council was called to inspire spiritual renewal and to invite Christians who strayed away to reunite with the Church. It was held by Pope John XXIII and continued under Pope Paul VI.