Church History

Events

Pentecost

33 AD

When the Holy Spirit came down onto the Apostles when they were in hiding. Then they went out preach after they were touched by the Holy Spirit.

Jesus' Ascension

33 AD

When Jesus rose up to heaven after spending time with the Apostles teaching them on how to guide the Church. He had to go back to his heavenly father to welcome the new people in heaven.

Jesus' Resurrection

33 AD

When Jesus resurrected from the dead after his crucifixion. To save our souls from sin and to provide us ever lasting life.

Edict of Milan

313

When the Roman Empire issued religious tolerance for Christianity. This then lets Christianity grow and flourish in the world.

The Great Schism

1054

When the Eastern Orthodox church broke away from the Roman Catholic church. This was cause for a dispute the Eastern Rite Church and the Pope.

Protestant Reformation

1517 - 1648

A major movement that started with Martin Luther when he went against the Roman Catholic Church. This was started when he posted the 95 theses on one of the churches near him

Pope Francis' Papacy

February 28, 2013 - Present

When our current Pope became the Pope to when he ended his papacy, which is not now because he is the current Pope.

Church Councils

Council of Nicaea

325

The Council of Nicea was held in 325 AD to determine if Jesus was truly God or just a creature created by God. In the end of the council, the council decided that Jesus fully God, not a creature created by God.

Council of Constantinople

381 AD

This council was held to determine if the Trinity had equally divinity to each other. There was also the absolute denouncing of Arianism and other religious like them. It also helps St. Gregory of Nazianzus become a saint.

Council of Ephesus

431 AD

The Council of Ephesus, held in AD 431, was the third of the Ecumenical Councils, after Nicea in 325 and Constantinople in 381. The Council of Ephesus was primarily concerned with the doctrine of Nestorianism, though it also denounced Pelagianism and reaffirmed the Nicene Creed.

Council of Chalcedon

451 AD

The council of Chalcedon is a council that led major groundwork for the Great Schism to happen. The council was held to determine if Jesus was truly one side or the other (i. e. Divine or Human), but the council concluded that he is both of these natures in full.

Council of Trent

1545 - 1563

Was sparked because of the Reformation and clarified pretty much every doctrine that the protestants fought against. Was hard to end because of internal conflict against the doctrine.

First Vatican Council

1869 AD - 1870 AD

The first Vatican council was held to refute ideas of liberalism and materialism. it is mostly remembered as its declaration on papal infallibility

Second Vatican Council

1962 AD - 1965 AD

The Second Vatican council was the 21st council and it was a spiritual renewal that was toward the common man. One of the changes was that they changed so the Laity have a greater position in the mass.

Saints and Doctors of the Church

St. Basil the Great

330 - January 1, 379

Basil the Great was a great defender against the Arians that threatened to confuse people on what Jesus was really was.

St.Brigid of Kildare

451 AD - 525

Was one of the few saints that are from Ireland and she converted many people in Ireland to Catholicism.

St. Hildegard

September 16, 1098 - September 17, 1179

German abbess, writer, composer, philosopher, Christian mystic, visionary, and polymath.

St. Thomas Aquinas

1225 - March 7, 1274

St. Thomas Aquinas wrote some very important pieces of writing that helped the church answer questions that no one would be able to answer before this saint.

St. Elizabeth Ann Seton

August 28, 1774 - January 4, 1821

Founded the Daughters of Charity group of sisters. She was a converted Catholic.

St. John Bosco

August 15, 1815 - January 31, 1888

St. John Bosco was a saint that devoted himself to the church and to his boys that he took care of in Turin, Italy. He loved all of his boys so much that people thought he was a saint in his life not only after his canonization.

St Marianne Cope

January 23, 1838 - August 9, 1918

St. Marianne Cope was a saint that was a nun and helped to work in a hospital in New York. She also helped the Lepers colony in Hawaii.

John Bosco's Beatification

June 2, 1929

When John Bosco was declared Blessed in the Church.

Canonization of John Bosco

April 1, 1934

When John Bosco was declared a saint in the Roman Catholic Church

Papacy of Pope John Paul II the Great

October 16, 1978 - 2005

When Pope John Paul II was Pope.